Can rheumatic fever cause chorea?

Can rheumatic fever cause chorea?

Sydenham chorea may occur as a complication of rheumatic fever. Approximately, 25 percent of individuals with rheumatic fever develop Sydenham chorea.

What is rheumatic chorea?

Rheumatic chorea (RC) is a movement disorder seen in young children and adolescents with a recent history of incompletely treated group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal (GABHS) pharyngitis.

How is Sydenham chorea treated?

There is no specific treatment for Sydenham’s chorea and symptoms usually resolve themselves in approximately 3 to 6 months. Bed rest, sedatives and medication to control movements may be prescribed. Penicillin prophylaxis may also be prescribed to avoid further streptococcal infection.

What is the cause of chorea?

Chorea is an abnormal involuntary movement disorder, one of a group of neurological disorders called dyskinesias, which are caused by overactivity of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the areas of the brain that control movement.

How is rheumatic chorea treated?

Suggested treatments of chorea in SC include prophylactic penicillin, symptomatic (antipsychotic and anticonvulsant) medications, and immunomodulatory therapy (steroids, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), and plasma exchange).

What are the different types of chorea?


  • Autoimmune or inflammatory disorders. Sydenham chorea. Paraneoplastic chorea. Other immune-mediated choreas.
  • Metabolic and endocrine disorders. Chorea gravidarum. Other metabolic or endocrine disturbances.
  • Infectious diseases.
  • Toxin exposure.
  • Drug-induced chorea.
  • Structural lesion in basal ganglia.
  • Senile chorea.
  • What are the causes of rheumatic fever?

    Rheumatic fever may develop after strep throat or scarlet fever infections that are not treated properly. Bacteria called group A Streptococcus or group A strep cause strep throat and scarlet fever. It usually takes about 1 to 5 weeks after strep throat or scarlet fever for rheumatic fever to develop.

    What triggers chorea?

    What are the symptoms of chorea?

    teeth grinding

  • involuntary belching
  • drooling or spitting
  • lip and tongue biting
  • difficulty with speech or communication
  • difficulty swallowing
  • vocal tics,such as grunting,involuntary speaking,or slurred speech
  • What is chorea disease?

    Chorea is a medical condition and a type of movement disorder, which results in unpredictable and involuntary movements of the body without any specific pattern. 1 This can be as mild as just a jerk to as worse as wild involuntary movements of the arms and legs.

    What is Sydenham chorea?

    Sydenham chorea: An acute neurologic disorder that emerges several months following a streptococcal (” strep “) infection, most frequently in children between the age of 5 and 15. There may be a history of a strep throat or a strep skin infection.

    What are the complications of rheumatic heart disease?

    Heart failure. This can occur from either a severely narrowed or leaking heart valve.

  • Bacterial endocarditis. This is an infection of the inner lining of the heart,and may occur when rheumatic fever has damaged the heart valves.
  • Complications of pregnancy and delivery due to heart damage.
  • Ruptured heart valve.
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