How do you treat Plesiomonas shigelloides?

How do you treat Plesiomonas shigelloides?

Norfloxacin or trimethoprim is recommended for gastrointestinal infection, however, it appears that a large proportion of infections are self-limiting (65). Some 87% of children with P. shigelloides-associated diarrhea in one series were successfully treated with oral rehydration solution alone (31).

How do you prevent Plesiomonas shigelloides?

How do you prevent Pleasiomonas shigelloides infections?

  1. Hand washing is the best prevention.
  2. Clean and sanitize diaper changing area after each use.
  3. Drink water from a safe supply.
  4. Avoid eating raw shell fish harvested from unknown sources.

Is Plesiomonas shigelloides the same as Shigella?

The complete DNA sequence of the O antigen gene region of Plesiomonas shigelloides serotype O17 which is identical to Shigella sonnei form I antigen.

Is Plesiomonas shigelloides contagious?

MODE OF TRANSMISSION: Plesiomonas shigelloides can be transmitted through the fecal-oral route, through the consumption of infected seafood (especially oysters), contaminated water and contaminated vegetables, and through exposure to amphibians and reptiles 2 6 11. INCUBATION PERIOD: Usually under 48 hours 7.

Is Plesiomonas Shigelloides reportable?

The majority of P. shigelloides infections occur in the summer months in tropical and subtropical regions. Infections in the United States are less common, although the true rate of infections in the United States is unknown because it is not a reportable disease.

What causes Plesiomonas Shigelloides?

Plesiomonas shigelloides is a gram-negative, facultative anaerobic bacillus that, similar to Aeromonas, is a member of the Vibrionaceae family. It is widely disseminated in the environment; outbreaks of disease are usually related to ingestion of contaminated water or seafood [999].

Is Plesiomonas Shigelloides gram positive?

Plesiomonas shigelloides is a gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic bacillus that belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae as the only oxidase-positive member. Plesiomonas can be found in aquatic environments in addition to various fish, birds, and mammals.

Is Plesiomonas Shigelloides catalase positive?

P. shigelloides are oxidase-, indole- and catalase-positive. They also are ornithine-, lysine- and arginine decarboxylase-positive.

Is Plesiomonas oxidase positive?

Plesiomonas shigelloides is the only species member in the Plesiomonas genus, and it is the only oxidase-positive member of the Enterobacteriaceae. Plesiomonas was originally classified with Aeromonas in the Vibrionaceae, but it was found to be more similar to the Enterobacteriaceae.

Is Plesiomonas shigelloides reportable?

Which of the following conditions can be caused by Plesiomonas?

Plesiomonas can be found in aquatic environments in addition to various fish, birds, and mammals. Outbreaks have occurred from poorly prepared seafood. Disease ranges from diarrhea to bacteremia, sepsis, meningitis, pneumonia, osteomyelitis, and keratitis.

Is Plesiomonas shigelloides a cause of diarrhea?

Recent studies have suggested that Plesiomonas shigelloides is a cause of diarrhea. The present study addresses the clinical features, epidemiology, and response to antimicrobial therapy of P. shigelloides diarrhea.

What is the treatment for Plesiomonas shigelloides?

Plesiomonas. Diagnosis of P. shigelloides is made by stool culture. Although this illness is usually self-limited, treatment with antimicrobial agents has been shown to decrease the duration of symptoms, 223 with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or aminoglycosides suggested as appropriate choices.

Is Plesiomonas shigelloides oxidase positive or negative?

P. shigelloides is the only species in the genus Plesiomonas and is the only oxidase-positive member of the Enterobacteriaceae family. It is recognized as an emerging water- and foodborne enteric pathogen and a major cause of traveler’s diarrhea in China and Japan.

What is the function of Plesiomonas shigelloides in plant cells?

Plesiomonas shigelloides strains show elastolytic activity, which may be involved in connective tissue degradation. Elastin degradation appears to be cell associated, enhanced when the strains are grown in an iron-depleted medium, and lost after thermal treatment at 100 °C for 10 min.

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