How many cafe au lait spots are normal?
Café au lait spots are harmless and normal, with some people having anywhere from one to three spots. But sometimes, these spots can indicate an underlying genetic problem.
How do you monitor neurofibromatosis?
X-rays, CT scans or MRIs can help identify bone abnormalities, tumors in the brain or spinal cord, and very small tumors. An MRI might be used to diagnose optic gliomas. Imaging tests are also often used to monitor NF2 and schwannomatosis.
What follow up tests and routine testing for NF1?
Each examination should include blood pressure measurement, assessment of the skin for typical lesions (including early or growing neurofibromas), visual acuity check, evaluation of the eyes for evidence of proptosis or strabismus, and examination of the spine and extremities for any abnormalities.
Can diet help NF1?
Conclusions: In this study, NF1 patients consumed an unhealthy diet that was rich in fats and sodium and lacking in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Further studies are needed to investigate the role of these dietary and nutritional patterns in the severity of the clinical manifestations of NF1.
What is the malignancy risk in neurofibromatosis type 1?
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) represents a major risk factor for development of malignancy, particularly malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST), optic gliomas, other gliomas, and leukemias.
How is neurofibromatosis diagnosed?
Neurofibromatosis is diagnosed using a number of tests, including: Physical examination. Medical history. Family history. X-rays. Computerized tomography (CT) scans. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Biopsy of neurofibromas.
What is the incidence of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1)?
The incidence of NF1 is approximately one in 3,000 live births and it affects males and females of all races equally. Because neurofibromatosis type 1 is hereditary, the risk of developing the features associated with NF1 may be passed from generation to generation in a family.
What does neurofibromatosis 1 mean?
Neurofibromatosis 1. An autosomal dominant inherited disorder (with a high frequency of spontaneous mutations) that features developmental changes in the nervous system, muscles, bones, and skin, most notably in tissue derived from the embryonic NEURAL CREST.