How many symphonic poems made up the cycle Ma Vlast?
six symphonic poems
Má vlast (Czech pronunciation: [maː vlast], meaning “My homeland”) is a set of six symphonic poems composed between 1874 and 1879 by the Czech composer Bedřich Smetana.
What key is The Moldau in?
From My Fatherland (Symphonic Poems): The Moldau/Keys
Vltava, also known by its English title The Moldau, and the German Die Moldau, was composed between 20 November and 8 December 1874 and was premiered on 4 April 1875 under Adolf Čech. It is about 13 minutes long, and is in the key of E minor.
Why was The Moldau written?
The Moldau was written in the 1870’s, a time when Bohemians had a renewed interest in freedom from German culture. They embraced it and the rest of Má vlast as a sort of patriotic symphonic national anthem. Research suggests this was Smetana’s intent as well.
Who was the founder of Czech national music?
Bedřich Smetana, (born March 2, 1824, Leitomischl, Bohemia, Austrian Empire [now Litomyšl, Czech Republic]—died May 12, 1884, Prague), Bohemian composer of operas and symphonic poems, founder of the Czech national school of music.
Why is The Moldau called program music?
Named after the Vlatava River (called the Moldau by western Europeans), which flows majestically through the heart of the beautiful city of Prague , this tone poem is both a deeply felt tribute to his homeland as well as a remarkably skillful example of 19th century descriptive music.
What is Má vlast?
Má vlast combines the symphonic poem form, pioneered by Franz Liszt, with the ideals of nationalistic music of the late nineteenth century. Each poem depicts an aspect of Bohemia ‘s countryside, history, or legends.
When was Vyšehrad written?
The first poem, Vyšehrad (The High Castle), composed between the end of September and 18 November 1874 and premiered on 14 March 1875 at the [Prague] Philharmonic, describes the Vyšehrad castle in Prague which was the seat of the earliest Czech kings.
What is the tone poem about the Czech Republic about?
A depiction of the beauty of the Czech countryside and its people, the tone poem tells no real story. The first part is dedicated to the grandeur of the forest with a surprising fugue in the strings, interrupted by a soft woodland melody of the horns, which is later taken over by the whole orchestra.