Is the femoral artery considered a peripheral artery?
Lower extremity PAD affects the arteries that supply blood to the muscles in the legs. Three of the arteries most commonly blocked are the iliac artery, the superficial femoral artery (known as SFA), and the infrapopliteal arteries that are below the knee.
What is Fontaine classification?
The Fontaine classification specifies exactly the distance at which the pain occurs – 200 m, respectively, stage IIa – a distance longer than 200 m, with no pain before, and stage IIb – a distance shorter than 200 m. Therefore, the pain can be objectively appreciated by the physician.
Does pad shorten your life?
Approximately 160,000 to 180,000 of the estimated 18 million Americans with PAD will undergo a limb amputation as a result of PAD-related conditions this year, resulting in lower quality of life, high medical costs, and shorter life expectancy with PAD.
Can femoral artery cause pain?
Long-term narrowing or total blockage of the femoral artery can cause claudication, fatigue and painful cramping in the calf muscles when walking.
What occurs during Stage II of peripheral arterial disease?
Phase 2 of PAD is characterized by pain, aching, fatigue, or cramping in the lower extremity muscles with a definite and measurable amount of exercise, as a result of decreased availability of oxygen to the muscles as the work load increases.
What is the prognosis of peripheral artery disease?
Prognosis is generally good with treatment, although mortality rate is relatively high because coronary artery or cerebrovascular disease often coexists.
What is the TASC classification of aortoiliac lesions?
TASC classification of aortoiliac lesions . CIA common iliac artery, EIA external iliac artery, CFA common femoral artery, AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm. From Norgren et al. Inter-Society Consensus for the Management of Peripheral Arterial Disease (TASC II).
What is the TASC II system of classification?
TASC II system has graphically presented and thus is more easily and uniformly applied. Classifications of aortoiliac lesions and femoral-popliteal lesions are summarized in Figs. 3.2 and 3.3, respectively. TASC classification of aortoiliac lesions .
What is an isolated femoral/popliteal artery?
Isolated femoral/popliteal artery or two below knee arteries obstructed but with patency of one of the two tibial arteries 2b Isolated femoral/popliteal artery or two below knee tibial arteries obstructed but with patency of the peroneal artery 3
What are the treatment options for TASC B and C lesions?
Endovascular treatment is the preferred treatment for type B lesions, and surgery is the preferred treatment for good-risk type C lesions. The patient’s comorbidities, the fully informed patient preference, and the local operators’ long-term success rates must be considered when making treatment recommendations for TASC B and C lesions .