What are the 4 groups of organic compounds?

What are the 4 groups of organic compounds?

There are 4 major types of organic compounds.

  • Carbohydrates:
  • Proteins:
  • Lipids:
  • Nucleic Acids:

What are the 4 organic compounds and their functions?

What Are the Four Organic Molecules Found in Living Things?

  • Proteins: Molecular Machines. Proteins, made up of amino acids, are the molecular machines that do the day-to-day work of the cell.
  • Nucleic Acids: Information Repositories.
  • Lipids: Waterproof Membranes.
  • Carbohydrates: Stored Energy.

What are the 4 main types of carbon compounds?

Objective: – SWBAT explain the structure and function of the four organic/ carbon compounds: lipids, carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids.

What are functional groups in chemistry?

functional group, any of numerous combinations of atoms that form parts of chemical molecules, that undergo characteristic reactions themselves, and that in many cases influence the reactivity of the remainder of each molecule.

What is AR group in organic chemistry?

Illustrated Glossary of Organic Chemistry – R group. R group: An abbreviation for any group in which a carbon or hydrogen atom is attached to the rest of the molecule. Sometimes used more loosely, to include other elements such as halogens, oxygen, or nitrogen.

What is the functional group in a carbon compound?

Functional group in a carbon compound may be defined as an atom or group of atoms or reactive part which is responsible for the characteristic properties of the compounds. The function group of ethanol(CH3CH2OH) is alcohol, i.e., −OH group.

What are the general characteristic of organic compound?

The general characteristics of Organic Compounds are:

  • Organic compounds include complex structures and high molecular weights.
  • These are soluble in organic solvents and mostly insoluble in water.
  • Mostly depend on only three elements: Carbon, Hydrogen and nitrogen.
  • These compounds are combustible in nature.

What is a 4 carbon compound?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Four-carbon molecules are based on a skeleton made from four carbon atoms. They may be in a chain, branched chains, cycles or even bicyclic compounds.

What are the five main groups of organic compounds?

Carbohydrates-Organic Compounds. Carbohydrates are organic compounds made of the elements carbon,hydrogen,and oxygen.

  • Lipids-Organic Compounds. Lipids are made of carbon,hydrogen,and oxygen atoms.
  • Proteins-Organic Compounds. Proteins consist of chains of amino acids called peptides.
  • Nucleic Acids-Organic Compounds.
  • Other Kinds of Organic Compounds.
  • How can I identify functional groups in organic chemistry?

    Functional groups are the groups of atoms that are attached to the carbon backbone of organic molecules. Functional groups are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of organic compounds. They are less stable than the carbon backbone and are more likely to take part in chemical reactions.

    What are the functional groups in organic molecules?

    Functional groups are a set of commonly found groups of atoms covalently bonded to carbon in organic molecules. The unique functional groups present on a biomolecule determine reactivity, solubility, and other physical properties that lead to its biological role in living organisms.

    What are the basics of organic compound groups?

    Organic Compounds – Classification Of Organic Compounds Acyclic or Open Chain Compounds: These compounds are also known as aliphatic compounds, they have branched or straight chains. Following are the examples in this category. Alicyclic or Closed Chain or Ring Compounds: These are cyclic compounds which contain carbon atoms connected to each other in a ring (homocyclic). Aromatic Compounds.

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