What are the physical features of South America?

What are the physical features of South America?

South America can be divided into three physical regions: mountains and highlands, river basins, and coastal plains. Mountains and coastal plains generally run in a north-south direction, while highlands and river basins generally run in an east-west direction.

Which is one of the main physical features in South America?

The main two physical features of South America are the Andes Mountains and the Amazon River.

What is the expansion of the South America continent from north to south?

It links between 12° North latitude to 55° South latitude and 35° West longitude to 81° West longitude. This continent is 6640 m from north to south and 5,150 from west to east.

What is South America famous for?

South America is home to the world’s highest uninterrupted waterfall, Angel Falls in Venezuela; the highest single drop waterfall Kaieteur Falls in Guyana; the largest river by volume, the Amazon River; the longest mountain range, the Andes (whose highest mountain is Aconcagua at 6,962 m or 22,841 ft); the driest non- …

What are two features of South America?

What physical feature connects South America and Central America?

The Isthmus of Panama is a narrow strip of land that connects North/Central America to South America, and it is an iconic feature of the region.

What are two facts about South America?

These fun facts about South America will give you a glimpse into a continent steeped in natural beauty and culture

  • #1 The world’s second-largest swimming pool.
  • #2 No doorbells in Paraguay.
  • #3 The world’s longest mountain range.
  • #4 The world’s largest salt flat.
  • #5 12 countries but hundreds of languages.

What are the 4 main landforms in South America?

What are four major landforms Latin America?

  • Coasts and Islands. …
  • The Andes Mountains. …
  • The Guiana Highlands and Angel Falls. …
  • The Llanos (Plains of Venezuela) …
  • The Amazon River lowlands. …
  • The Brazilian Highlands. …
  • The Pantanal.

Why is South America called South America?

Let’s start with South America. Those portions of the New World landmass that widen out north of the narrow land bridge of the Isthmus of Panama became known as North America, and those that broaden to the south became known as South America. They call the region between those two points Central America.

How was South America formed?

In the Albian, around 110 mya, South America and Africa began to diverge along the southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge, giving rise to a landmass of Antarctica and South America. During the late Eocene, around 35 mya, Antarctica and South America separated and South America became a massive, biologically rich island-continent.

What are facts about South America?

Atacama desert is the driest place in South America. Angel Falls are the world’s highest waterfalls. Amazon River Basin is the world’s largest river basin. The Andes are the world’s longest mountain range.

What are five facts about South America?

What are the physical characteristics of South America?

The two dominant physical features of South America are the Andean mountain range in the west and the Amazon River basin in the northern and central regions of the continent. The Andes stretch 5,500 miles from north to south and peak at Aconcagua , 22,841 feet above sea level.

Which two physical features dominate South America?

The main two physical features of South America are the Andes Mountains and the Amazon River.

What are the natural features of South America?

Top Natural Wonders of South America Galapagos Archipelago. Perhaps the most well known of the natural wonders of South America. Angel Falls. The rocks and cliffs forming the tepuis were ancient long before the continent of South America separated from Africa. Amazon. Lake Titicaca. Atacama Desert. Andes. Lake District / Patagonia. Tierra del Fuego. Iguazu Falls. Lake Maracaibo.

What are the geographic features in South America?

The Andes. The Andes,which arc from northwestern South America down the western coast to Patagonia,are the longest mountain range in the world and the highest outside of Asia.

  • Shield Areas. Three major highland areas represent ancient portions of the South American continent; such exposed parts of the old core of the landmass are called shields.
  • Major Basins. Massive sedimentary basins make up the rest of South America: the Orinoco,Amazon and Chaco-Pampa.
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