What are three ethical guidelines of ethnographic fieldwork developed by the American Anthropological Association?
The seven Principles of Professional Responsibility in the AAA Statement on Ethics are: 1) Do No Harm; 2) Be Open and Honest Regarding Your Work; 3) Obtain Informed Consent and Necessary Permissions; 4) Weigh Competing Ethical Obligations Due Collaborators and Affected Parties; 5) Make Your Results Accessible; 6) …
What is the AAA Statement on race?
Given what we know about the capacity of normal humans to achieve and function within any culture, we conclude that present-day inequalities between so-called “racial” groups are not consequences of their biological inheritance but products of historical and contemporary social, economic, educational, and political …
What are the principles of anthropology?
There are four main principles that guide cultural anthropology as a field.
- Cross-culturalism. A perspective that sees the world as an interdependent, interconnected system of global cultures.
- Cultural relativism.
What are the three ethical obligations that anthropologists follow?
In research, anthropologists’ paramount responsibility is to those they study. When there is a conflict of interest, these individuals must come first. Anthropologists must do everything in their power to protect the physical, social, and psychological welfare and to honor the dignity and privacy of those studied.
Why is Autoethnography important?
The heart of learning should be personal experiences because it creates a trustworthy relationship between knowledge and learning. Once educators practice their own autoethnography they can be more aware about the differences and their power in relations to their students.
What are the four anthropological perspectives?
The key anthropological perspectives are holism, relativism, comparison, and fieldwork. There are also both scientific and humanistic tendencies within the discipline that, at times, conflict with one another.
What are some examples of ethical considerations with which an anthropologist must be concerned when conducting fieldwork?
Since 2012, the American Anthropological Association’s Principles of Professional Responsibility state:
- Do no harm.
- Be open and honest regarding your own work.
- Obtain informed consent and necessary permissions.
- Weigh competing obligations due collaborators and affected parties.
- Make your results accessible.
Is Autoethnography a research method?
Autoethnography is a research method and methodology which uses the researcher’s personal experience as data to describe, analyze and understand cultural experience. It is a form of self-narrative that places the self within a social context.
What does AAA stand for in anthropology?
The American Anthropological Association (AAA) is an organization of scholars and practitioners in the field of anthropology.
What are the 3 basic forms of life history method?
Making another set of distinctions, Allport (1942) suggested three main forms of life history writing: the comprehensive, the topical, and the edited.
What kind of data do anthropologists gather from doing interviews?
What kind of data do anthropologists gather from doing interviews? terms for biological species, details about court cases, life histories, opinions on upcoming elections. compares cognate words in different languages, focuses on one society over a long period of time, uses data from many different societies.
What is the difference between society and culture?
A culture represents the beliefs and practices of a group, while society represents the people who share those beliefs and practices. Neither society nor culture could exist without the other.
How is race defined in anthropology?
Auhtor of Race, Nature and Culture: An Anthropological Approach and Race and Ethnicity in Latin America. Race, the idea that the human species is divided into distinct groups on the basis of inherited physical and behavioral differences.
What is the goal of a sociologist?
At the same time that sociology seeks to describe and explain the social world empirically, many sociologists also desire to change the world. They have value commitments to fairness, social justice, and the inclusion of everyone in society.
Does Autoethnography require IRB approval?
It is a form of narrative research where I am the subject of the study – that is, as researcher I am what is being researched, and as such research ethics approval is not required.
What makes a good Autoethnography?
Jimmie Manning and Tony Adams (2015) noted five strengths for autoethnographic approaches to popular culture, including “1) use personal experience to write alongside popular culture theories and texts, especially to show how personal experiences resemble or are informed by popular culture; 2) use personal experience …
What is the number one rule of anthropological ethics?
Do No Harm. A primary ethical obligation shared by anthropologists is to do no harm.
What are two types of anthropology?
What is Anthropology: Fields of Anthropology. There are now four major fields of anthropology: biological anthropology, cultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, and archaeology. Each focuses on a different set of research interests and generally uses different research techniques.
How is self understood in the anthropological perspective?
In anthropology the self came to be understood as a process that orchestrates an individual’s personal experience following which s/he becomes self-aware and self-reflective about her or his place in society (Taylor, 1989).