What caste is Kongu Vellalar?
Kongu Vellalar is a community found in the Kongu region of Tamil Nadu, India. The Kongu Vellalar were classified as a Forward Caste (General class) at the time of Indian independence but they successfully requested to be reclassified as an other Backward Class in 1975.
What caste are Gounders?
Gounder is a title used by various communities in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It may refer to communities such as the Kongu Vellalar, Kurumba, Vokkaliga, Vanniyars, Vettuvars and Uralis. The title is used to represent Kongu Vellalar community people in Kongu Nadu region in Tamil Nadu.
How many Gounders are there in Tamilnadu?
By the late 1990s and early 2000s, a mushrooming of Gounder-affiliated parties took place. Today, there are close to 14 such parties in existence, each fighting with the other for political space and in alliance with various larger parties.
What is meant by kongu?
The name Kongunadu draws its origin from the term Kongu, meaning nectar or honey. ‘ Since this area served as a border to the Pandiya, Chola and Chera dynasties, it was likely given the name kangu, which was eventually transformed to Kongu. Kongu was later called as Kongunadu with the growth of civilization.
Which is highest caste in Tamil Nadu?
Tamil Nadu: Caste Realities Unlikely To Change Any Time Soon
- Party preferences of castes are likely to remain unchanged.
- The top three castes by numbers in Tamil Nadu are Thevar (also known as Mukkulaththor), Vanniar and Kongu Vellalar (also known as Gounder).
- Among the Dalits, Paraiyar and Pallar are the most dominant.
Are vanniyar low caste?
Vanniyars, historically considered a lower caste, have been trying to gain upward mobility since 19th century to move away from lower status using these Agnikula myths.
Is Gounder and Gowda same?
The Vokkaligas of Tamil Nadu use Gowdar and Gounder as their surname. The Tamil origins to the word Gounder claim its derivation from kavundan or kamindan (one who watches over). Whether the name Gauda/Gowda is an allusion to the Gauḍa region or not has not been conclusively proved.
Who rules Kongu Nadu?
The Kongu country came under the control of Vikrama Chola and Rajadhiraja, the two Kongu rulers who served as the later contemporaries of the Imperial Chola king Rajendra I and Kulottunga I, who ruled between 1070 CE and 1120 CE. Vikrama Chola III was the last ruler of the Kongu Chola line.
What are the places of Kongu Nadu?
The ancient Kongunadu country was made up of a number of districts and taluks which are currently known as Palani, Karur, Dharapuram, Thiruchengodu, Erode, Pollachi, Nammakkal, Salem, Dharmapuri, Nilgiris, Avinashi, Satyamangalam, Coimbatore and Udumalpet.
Who are the Kongu Vellalars?
Kongu Vellala Gounders or Kongu Vellalars or simply Gounders are a Kshatriya, warrior clan of ancient Chera and Chola empires of Southern India.
What is the difference between Vellalar and Gounder caste?
Gounder caste is subdivided into 64 clan groups. Vellalar means basically a person who took up agriculture as his main profession. The whole family of Vellalars works in the field from early morning till evening. Land is dear and God to him and his entire life-cycle centers only around land.
Who are Thondu Vellala Gounder?
Thondu Vellala Gounder (தொண்டு வெள்ளாளக் கவுண்டர்) are a sect also called இளங்கம்பன் who were born out of Gounders and Devadasis Modivandi Gounder (முடிவாண்டிக் கவுண்டர்) are the caste beggars of the community who are descended from the handicapped children born in the community.
What are the marriage rites of Kongu Vellalar?
The marriage rites of Kongu Vellalar are ancient and stands as testimony to their cultured upbringing and grooming. Their marriage customs are unique amongst other communities in Tamil Nadu. The Kongu / Nattu Vellalars were of great support to the King by assisting with their own army.