What does the cecum do?
The main functions of the cecum are to absorb fluids and salts that remain after completion of intestinal digestion and absorption and to mix its contents with a lubricating substance, mucus. The internal wall of the cecum is composed of a thick mucous membrane, through which water and salts are absorbed.
What diseases can affect the large intestine?
Many disorders can affect the large intestine or colon, including:
- Chronic diarrhea.
- Colon (colorectal) cancer.
- Colonic dismotility.
- Crohn’s disease (Inflammatory bowel disease)
- Fecal incontinence — accidental stool leaks/pelvic floor disorders.
- Intestinal ischemia.
What does an inflamed cecum mean?
Typhlitis refers to inflammation of a part of the large intestine known as the cecum. It’s a severe condition that usually affects people with a weakened immune system. They can’t fight off infections like people with healthy immune systems.
Which disorder is a type of autoimmune inflammatory bowel disease that causes chronic inflammation along the gastrointestinal tract?
Crohn’s disease. This type of IBD is characterized by inflammation of the lining of your digestive tract, which often can involve the deeper layers of the digestive tract.
Why is my large intestine inflamed?
Infections, poor blood supply, and parasites can all cause an inflamed colon. If you have an inflamed colon, you’ll likely have abdominal pain, cramping, and diarrhea.
What causes inflamed sigmoid colon?
What are inflammatory myopathies?
The inflammatory myopathies are a group of diseases that involve chronic (long-standing) muscle inflammation, muscle weakness, and, in some cases, muscle pain.
What is the prevalence of inflammatory myopathies in the UK?
The inflammatory myopathies are rare. No accurate figures for incidence or prevalence are available but if one takes the two most common conditions, dermatomyositis and inclusion body myositis, their combined annual incidence is probably less than 200 new cases per annum in the UK (population ~60 million).
What is the role of mmmps in inflammatory disorders?
MMPs play a role in tissue remodelling by breaking down protein. But they are implicated in a number of inflammatory disorders, and are involved in the destruction of connective tissues when in excess. This results is a pathological reaction which can lead to rheumatoid and osteo-arthritis, cirrhosis, metastasis,…
What is inflammatory myositis (IBM)?
Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is the most common form of inflammatory myopathy in people age 50 years and older and is characterized by slow, progressive muscle weakness and wasting over the course of months or years. IBM affects both proximal and distal muscles, typically in the thighs and forearms,…