What is a muqarnas in architecture?
Muqarnas is an ornamentation and transition element applied in Islamic architecture. The muqarnas, which is a transition and filling element that provides a three-dimensional image, is an architectural art element that fills the inner parts of the semi-domes with its honeycomb shape.
What is muqarnas in Islam?
Muqarnas (Arabic: مقرنص; Persian: مقرنس), also known in Iranian architecture as Ahoopāy (Persian: آهوپای) and in Iberian architecture as Mocárabe, is a form of ornamented vaulting in Islamic architecture. It is the archetypal form of Islamic architecture, integral to the vernacular of Islamic buildings.
Who invented muqarnas?
The Mamluk sultan Baybars I (reg 1260–77) is credited with introducing the fashion for a stone portal with a muqarnas hood from Syria into Egypt, where it quickly became a major feature of architectural decoration.
What is one of the most distinctive Islamic architectural ornaments muqarnas?
The Alhambra Some of the most remarkable ornamental features are the intricately carved geometric stalactite designs (a recurring pattern in Islamic architecture called muqarnas in Arabic) that adorn the halls surrounding the Court of the Lions.
What is one of the most distinctive Islamic architectural ornaments Muqarnas?
What is an entrance dome?
An entry dome was a domed entrance that led underground, often to a buried structure.
What makes Islamic architecture different?
Some characteristics of Islamic architecture were inherited from pre-Islamic architecture of that region while some characteristics like minarets, muqarnas, arabesque, Islamic geometric motifs, pointed arch, multifoil arch, onion dome and pointed dome developed later.
What are muqarnas in Islamic architecture?
Muqarnas are a feature unique to Islamic architecture. They serve to create a smooth transitional zone between, for example a dome and the walls that support it. Muqarnas can be considered three-dimensional versions of the more familiar two dimensional Islamic geometric design.
What is the history of the muqarnas?
Indeed, the muqarnas was developed as the Islamic power structure developed. After the prophet Mohammed’s death in 632, the Islamic power structure expanded rapidly. Indeed, in 732, only 100 years after Mohammed’s death, the Arabs had extended from the desert to central France, where they suffered a decisive defeat at Poitiers.
How are muqarnas made?
Different regions of the Islamic world have different muqarnas design traditions. In North Africa, muqarnas are typically made in vertical triangular sections of wood or plaster, that are then placed together. In Iran, muqarnas are made by creating horizontal tiers that are connected with arched vertical sections.
Is there complex modularity in Islamic and Persian architecture?
“Traditional Complex Modularity in Islamic and Persian Architecture: Interpretations in Muqarnas and Patkâné Crafts, Focusing on their Prefabricated Essence.” Proceedings of 2012 ACSA FALL CONFERENCE — Offsite: Theory and Practice of Architectural Production (Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, 27–29 September 2012), 2012, pp. 130-138.