What is an example of parallel evolution?

What is an example of parallel evolution?

parallel evolution, the evolution of geographically separated groups in such a way that they show morphological resemblances. A notable example is the similarity shown by the marsupial mammals of Australia to the placental mammals elsewhere.

What are three examples of parallel evolution?

Examples of these include the placental sabre-toothed cats (Machairodontinae) and the South American marsupial sabre-tooth (Thylacosmilus); the Tasmanian wolf and the European wolf; likewise marsupial and placental moles, flying squirrels, and (arguably) mice.

What is called parallel evolution?

Parallel evolution refers to the evolutionary process wherein two or more species in the same environment develop similar adaptation or characteristics. These two plant species are of different plant families but live in the same type of environment.

How does parallel evolution support evolution?

Parallel evolution implies that two or more lineages have changed in similar ways, so that the evolved descendants are as similar to each other as their ancestors were. The evolution of marsupials in Australia, for example, paralleled the evolution of placental mammals in other parts of the world.

What are analogous structures?

Analogous structures are features of different species that are similar in function but not necessarily in structure and which do not derive from a common ancestral feature (compare to homologous structures) and which evolved in response to a similar environmental challenge.

Is parallel evolution homologous or analogous?

At the level of the gene, parallel evolution may be viewed as production of similar phenotypes by orthologous genes, i.e., homologous genes that have diverged from a common ancestor, while convergent evolution occurs when similar phenotypes are produced by genes that are not homologous.

What drives parallel evolution?

Parallel evolution is the repeated evolution of the same phenotype or genotype in evolutionarily independent populations. Parallel evolution cannot, therefore, be interpreted as a phenomenon driven by selection alone; it must also incorporate information on heterogeneity in mutation rates along the genome.

What is analogous evolution?

In evolutionary biology, the meaning of analogous is “having similarities in functions but different evolutionary origins”. This is a kind of evolution in which organisms evolve structures that have the same functions despite their unrelated evolutionary ancestors.

What is analogous structure in evolution?

Analogous structures are structures that are similar in unrelated organisms. The structures are similar because they evolved to do the same job, not because they were inherited from a common ancestor.

What is parallel evolution in biology?

Parallel evolution is the independent evolution of similar traits, starting from a similar ancestral condition. Frequently this is the situation in more closely related lineages, where several species respond to similar challenges in a similar way.

What is the difference between parallelism and convergence in evolution?

Parallelism and convergence are not always clearly distinguishable. Strictly speaking, convergent evolution occurs when descendants resemble each other more than their ancestors did with respect to some feature. Parallel evolution implies that two or more lineages have changed in similar ways, so that….

What is an example of parallel evolution in crop plants?

The common rice, O. sativa and the African rice O. glaberrima are thought to be an example of parallel evolution in crop plants. The wild progenitor of O. sativa is O. rufipogon (Asian common wild rice), which shows a range of variation from perennial to annual types.

Why are placentals and marsupials considered parallel evolution?

Hence, similarity in evolution of Marsupials in Australia and their counterpart placentals in other parts of the world can be called parallel evolution, since as mammals they have evolved from common ancestor but the relatedness ends there and they have diverged far apart genetically.

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