What is cropping system in farming?
What is a cropping system? A cropping system may be defined as a community of plants which is managed by a farm unit to achieve various human goals. They are able to set, or modify, their own goals, so two farms with identical climates and soils may be managed with different aims to achieve a different mix of outputs.
What are the different types of cropping systems?
- Sequential cropping. A form of multiple cropping in which paddy is grown in sequence on the same field, with the succeeding crop planted after the harvest of the preceding crop.
- Mixed cropping.
- Mono-cropping system.
- Relay planting.
What are the different system in planting fruit bearing crops?
Equilateral Triangular or Hexagonal system: In this system of planting fruit trees are planted at the corners of triangles have all sides equal in length and are called equilateral triangles. The six plants are planted at the six corners and seventh at the midpoint of the hexagon.
What is the cultivation of fruit crops?
fruit farming, growing of fruit crops, including nuts, primarily for use as human food. The subject of fruit and nut production deals with intensive culture of perennial plants, the fruits of which have economic significance (a nut is a fruit, botanically).
What is the example of cropping system?
Another example might be planting rows of fruit trees with cereal grains or vegetables in between and windbreaks planted around the field perimeter. 3) Mixed Cropping:Two or more crops are mixed together in the same field at the same time without a definite row arrangement.
What is quincunx method?
A quincunx (/ˈkwɪn. kʌŋks/) is a geometric pattern consisting of five points arranged in a cross, with four of them forming a square or rectangle and a fifth at its center. It forms the arrangement of five units in the pattern corresponding to the five-spot on six-sided dice, playing cards, and dominoes.
What is quincunx method of planting?
The quincunx or diamond pattern of arranging row-planted crops is a modified form of the square pattern. It consists of a square that is formed by 4 closest plants with an additional plant at the center of these 4 plants.
What is the key to a successful fruits and plantation crop production or cropping?
Key factors that should be considered carefully during the planning stage of the farming operation are: site selection, water supply and quality, crop and variety selection, and, market development. If the wrong decision is made with regard to anyone of these, the operation is doomed for failure.
How production and productivity can be increased in fruits cultivation?
Use of growth regulators, in-situ grafting, drip irrigation for water economy, tissue culture special horticultural practices like ringing, girdling, notching, bahar treatment, high density planting etc. have helped to increase productivity and also to bring more lands under cultivation.
What is a cropping system?
The term cropping systemrefers to the crops and crop sequences and the management techniques used on a par- ticular field over a period of years. This term is not a new one, but it has been used more often in recent years in dis- cussions about sustainability of our agricultural production systems.
What are the methods of planting fruit crops?
Planting Fruit Crops: System # 1. Square System: (a) This is simplest system of fruit planting. (b) The plot is divided into square. A tree is planted at each corner of square. ADVERTISEMENTS: (c) In this system, interculhiral operations can be done in both the direction as trees are at equal distance (row’ tree).
What are the components of fruit based cropping?
Suitable crops and varieties The fruit based cropping system comprises three main components viz., Overstorey main crop & component perennial crops and understorey intercrop. i. Main Crop: Main crops are the perennial fruit species having a larger canopy size and prolonged juvenile as well as productive phase.
What is fruit based diversified cropping system?
With a view to develop a cropping system, which have potential advantages in production, stability of output and ecological sustainability, evaluation of fruit based diversified cropping models integrating alternative crop components as under-storey fruit crop and ground-storey agricultural/spice and fodder crop was made at ICAR-CIAH, Bikaner.