What is discriminative stimulus example?
A discriminative stimulus (Sd or SD) is created when the response is reinforced in its presence, but not when it is absent1. For example, a child requests to watch TV and historically, he is granted more screen time when his Mom has to get on a conference call for work, but never when she doesn’t have to take a call.
What is the unconditioned stimulus?
An unconditioned stimulus is a stimulus that leads to an automatic response. An unconditioned response is an automatic response to a stimulus. The dogs salivating for food is the unconditioned response in Pavlov’s experiment. A conditioned stimulus is a stimulus that can eventually trigger a conditioned response.
What is an example of stimulus generalization?
For example, if a child has been conditioned to fear a stuffed white rabbit, it will exhibit a fear of objects similar to the conditioned stimulus such as a white toy rat. One famous psychology experiment perfectly illustrated how stimulus generalization works.
What is stimulus generalization behavior?
Stimulus generalization is the ability to behave in a new situation in a way that has been learned in other similar situations.
When a discriminative stimulus influences a Behaviour that Behaviour?
1.4. A discriminative stimulus is the antecedent stimulus that has stimulus control over behavior because the behavior was reliably reinforced in the presence of that stimulus in the past. Discriminative stimuli set the occasion for behaviors that have been reinforced in their presence in the past.
What are some examples of unconditioned stimulus?
Some more examples of the unconditioned stimulus include:
- A feather tickling your nose causes you to sneeze.
- Cutting up an onion makes your eyes water.
- Pollen from grass and flowers cause you to sneeze.
- Your cat running to its bowl whenever it smells food.
- A loud bang causes you to flinch away from the sound.
What is unconditioned stimulus and unconditioned response?
The unconditioned stimulus (US) is something (such as food) that triggers a naturally occurring response, and the unconditioned response (UR) is the naturally occurring response (such as salivation) that follows the unconditioned stimulus.
How did Pavlov demonstrate generalization?
Generalization occurs when an organism makes the same response to different stimuli. Pavlov found that the greater the resemblance between stimuli used during training and stimuli used during testing the greater the generalization. More salivation occurred if a tone was close to the training tone.
What is an example of generalization in ABA?
For example, if a student learns how to zip up their jacket and then is able to zip up their backpack, then the skill of using a zipper has been generalized; or when someone says hello to that student, they can respond with a variety of responses such as “hello”, “hi”, or “hey”.
When a discriminative stimulus influences a Behaviour that Behaviour quizlet?
When a discriminative stimulus influences a behaviour, that behaviour: is said to be under stimulus control.
How do aversive stimuli affect behavior?
In a different way, aversive stimuli may increase behavior. For example, people move away from a hot fire or an electrical shock. We call their responses escape from the aversive stimuli. Q-1. When a subject attempts to end or terminate this exposure to an aversive stimulus, we call the process ______.
What is a pre-aversive stimulus?
The pre-aversive stimulus had a great role in early behavioral science animal research to describe responding patterns, but the concept easily applies to humans as well. A pre-aversive stimulus, simply put, is the stimulus that reliably precedes an aversive stimulus.
How should the aversive stimulus be arranged for punishment?
a. Unauthorized Escapes: The aversive stimulus should be arranged in such a manner that no unauthorized escape is possible. b. Frequency: The frequency of punishment should be as high as possible; ideally the punishing stimulus should be given for every response.
How can an animal terminate harmful or aversive stimuli by drinking?
If an animal can terminate or end an electric shock by pressing a lever, the rate of pressing the lever will increase. If an individual can terminate harmful or aversive stimuli by drinking alcoholic beverages, one might expect that the frequency of drinking such beverages would be Q-4. Behavior cannot be learned through using aversive stimuli.