What is hypertension PDF?
A case of Hypertension : Hypertension in adults (>18 yrs) is defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 140. mm of Hg or greater and/ or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of 90 mm of Hg or greater, based on the average of two or more properly measured, seated BP readings on each of two or more visits.
What is hypertension summary?
Overview. Hypertension, also known as high or raised blood pressure, is a condition in which the blood vessels have persistently raised pressure. Blood is carried from the heart to all parts of the body in the vessels. Each time the heart beats, it pumps blood into the vessels.
What is hypertension patient?
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease.
What can hypertension lead to?
High blood pressure can damage your arteries by making them less elastic, which decreases the flow of blood and oxygen to your heart and leads to heart disease. In addition, decreased blood flow to the heart can cause: Chest pain, also called angina.
What are the types of hypertension?
There are two main types of high blood pressure: primary and secondary high blood pressure.:
- Primary, or essential, high blood pressure is the most common type of high blood pressure.
- Secondary high blood pressure is caused by another medical condition or use of certain medicines.
How do you diagnose hypertension?
- Hypertension is diagnosed when blood pressure consistently measures >130 mmHg systolic and >80 mmHg diastolic.
- Your blood pressure fluctuates from minute to minute during the course of the day in response to your activity level, fluid status, anxiety level, and many other factors.
What is hyperhypertension patientlet?
HYPERTENSION PATIENT LEAFLET. Q: What is hypertension? Hypertension is high pressure of blood in your arteries. It is recorded as two numbers, eg. 120/80. The top number (systolic) is the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts. The bottom number (diastolic) is the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between each heartbeat.
What is high blood pressure?
High Blood Pressure 1 What is high blood pressure? Blood pressure is the force of blood against your artery walls as it circulates through your body. Blood pressure normally rises and falls throughout the day, but it can cause health problems if it stays high for a long time.
What should I do if I have high blood pressure?
If you already have high blood pressure and your doctor has prescribed medicine, take your medicine, as directed, and follow these steps. The DASH Eating Plan The DASH eating plan is rich in fruits, vegetables, fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products, whole grains, fish, poultry, beans, seeds, and nuts.
What increases my risk for high blood pressure?
Several factors that are beyond your control can increase your risk for high blood pressure. These include your age, sex, and race or ethnicity. But you can work to reduce your risk by eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, not smoking, and being physically active.