What is leishmaniasis?
Leishmaniasis is caused by a protozoa parasite from over 20 Leishmania species. Over 90 sandfly species are known to transmit Leishmania parasites. There are 3 main forms of the disease:
Is leishmaniasis a vector-borne disease?
Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne disease that is transmitted by sandflies and caused by obligate intracellular protozoa of the genus Leishmania. Human infection is caused by about 21 of 30 species that infect mammals.
What is Leishmania Trypanosomatidae?
Leishmania is a genus of the family Trypanosomatidae and consists of parasitic protozoa. As a member of the family Trypanosomatidae, this species are obligate parasites that require a host for their survival.
What is the global prevalence of Leishmania?
Leishmania currently affects 6 million people in 98 countries. About 0.9-1.6 million new cases occur each year, and 21 species are known to cause disease in humans. Leishmania species are unicellular eukaryotes having a well-defined nucleus and other cell organelles including kinetoplasts and flagella.
Is Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis a parasite?
“Phenotypic characterization of Leishmania spp. causing cutaneous leishmaniasis in the lower Amazon region, western Pará state, Brazil, reveals a putative hybrid parasite, Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis × Leishmania (Viannia) shawi shawi “. Parasite. 21: 39. doi: 10.1051/parasite/2014039.
Where can I find media related to Leishmania?
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Leishmania. The International Leishmania Network (ILN) has basic information on the disease and links to many aspects of the disease and its vector.
What is the epidemiology of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil?
The epidemiology of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Americas is very complex, with variations in transmission cycles, reservoir hosts, sandfly vectors, clinical manifestations and response to therapy, and multiple circulating Leishmania species in the same geographical area. In 2019, Brazil represented over 97% of the VL cases in that region.