## What is margin of error in election?

The margin of error is a statistic expressing the amount of random sampling error in the results of a survey. The larger the margin of error, the less confidence one should have that a poll result would reflect the result of a survey of the entire population.

**What happened in the 1936 Literary Digest poll?**

In 1936, the poll concluded that the Republican candidate, Governor Alfred Landon of Kansas, was likely to be the overwhelming winner. In November, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt won 46 states, while Landon only won Maine and Vermont; Roosevelt also won the popular vote by 24.26%.

**What are benchmark or tracking polls?**

A benchmark poll is generally the first poll taken in a campaign. It is often taken before a candidate announces their bid for office, but sometimes it happens immediately following that announcement after they have had some opportunity to raise funds. This is generally a short and simple survey of likely voters.

### How much margin of error is acceptable?

The acceptable margin of error usually falls between 4% and 8% at the 95% confidence level. While getting a narrow margin of error is quite important, the real trick of the trade is getting that perfectly representative sample.

**What was the main issue in the 1936 presidential race?**

In the midst of the Great Depression, incumbent Democratic President Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated Republican Governor Alf Landon of Kansas. Roosevelt won the highest share of the popular and electoral vote since the largely uncontested 1820 election.

**Which of these was a major flaw in the 1936 Literary Digest poll quizlet?**

The Literary Digest made a fatal error in sampling in 1936. The people they chose to interview were drawn from telephone directories and lists of automobile owners. This oversampled the middle and upper class.

## What is a sampling error AP Gov?

Sampling Error. The difference between the results of random samples taken at the same time. Exit Polls. Polls based on interviews conducted on Election Day with randomly selected voters.

**When α 0.01 the critical values are?**

99% written as a decimal is 0.99. 1 – 0.99 = 0.01 = α and α/2 = 0.005….

Confidence (1–α) g 100% | Significance α | Critical Value Zα/2 |
---|---|---|

90% | 0.10 | 1.645 |

95% | 0.05 | 1.960 |

98% | 0.02 | 2.326 |

99% | 0.01 | 2.576 |

**Is 48% Republican support outside the margin of error?**

A plus or minus 3 percentage point margin of error would mean that 48% Republican support is within the range of what we would expect if the true level of support in the full population lies somewhere 3 points in either direction – i.e., between 45% and 51%. 2 How do I know if a candidate’s lead is ‘outside the margin of error’?

### What is the margin of error in a poll?

The margin of error that pollsters customarily report describes the amount of variability we can expect around an individual candidate’s level of support. For example, in the accompanying graphic, a hypothetical Poll A shows the Republican candidate with 48% support.

**Can a result that is inconsistent with other polls be wrong?**

A result that is inconsistent with other polling is not necessarily wrong, but real changes in the state of a campaign should show up in other surveys as well. The amount of precision that can be expected for comparisons between two polls will depend on the details of the specific polls being compared.

**Why is the margin of error larger for Republicans than Democrats?**

The larger margin of error is due to the fact that if the Republican share is too high by chance, it follows that the Democratic share is likely too low, and vice versa. For Poll A, the 3-percentage-point margin of error for each candidate individually becomes approximately a 6-point margin of error for the difference between the two.