What is the cradle to grave system of waste management?
Cradle-to-grave waste management is a long-term waste management process designed to reduce the amount of waste generated and ensure that hazardous waste is stored, transported and disposed of appropriately.
What is cradle to grave life cycle?
Cradle-to-grave is the full life cycle assessment from resource extraction (‘cradle’) to the use phase and disposal phase (‘grave’). Cradle-to-gate is an assessment of a partial product life cycle from resource extraction (cradle) to the factory gate (ie, before it is transported to the consumer).
What tracks waste from cradle to grave?
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) gives EPA the authority to control hazardous waste from cradle to grave. This includes the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous waste. RCRA also set forth a framework for the management of non-hazardous solid wastes.
What is cradle to grave sustainability?
This is the notion that the sustainability of a building or product is the sum of its components and development process from materials extraction, processing, manufacturing, distribution, use, repair, maintenance, and disposal/recycling. …
What are the 4 stages of life cycle assessment?
Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a framework for assessing the environmental impacts of product systems and decisions. The steps in LCA are (1) goal and scope definition, (2) life cycle inventory analysis (LCI), (3) life cycle impact assessment (LCIA), and (4) interpretation of the results.
What are the stages of life cycle analysis?
The LCA process is a systematic, phased approach and consists of four components: goal definition and scoping, inventory analysis, impact assessment, and interpretation.
How do you dispose of hazardous waste?
5. Throw it in the trash with special treatment. Some hazardous household wastes are acceptable at landfills if special treatment is followed. Empty hazardous product containers should be rinsed several times before discarding in the trash.
What is Cradle Cradle principle?
Cradle to Cradle® describes the safe and potentially infinite circulation of materials and nutrients in cycles. In this way, old products do not turn into waste but into “nutrients” for a new product. Consumer goods such as electronic items or flooring circulate in a technical cycle.
Which ISO standard are the procedures for cradle to grave assessment in?
There are four main steps involved in undertaking such a life-cycle assessment (ISO 14044 and 14040, EPA 2006). This is undertaken by a comprehensive “cradle-to-grave” analysis of its environmental effects from the time the compound is synthesized to the time it is destroyed.
What are the types of life cycle assessment?
There are three different types of LCA. They are: i) Conceptual LCA – Life Cycle Thinking, ii) Simplified LCA; and iii) Detailed LCA. The different types can be used in different ways and have strengths and weaknesses, depending upon the context in which they are used.
What is the cradle-to-grave approach in waste management?
The cradle-to-grave approach in waste management is an imperative of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, more commonly known as the RCRA. In the cradle-to-grave approach, waste generators are responsible for all hazardous waste they create from the moment it’s generated to the ultimate disposal of that waste.
What is a “waste cradle?
In EPA parlance, the types and amounts of hazardous waste you generate is your waste “cradle.” Of course, one way to lessen the amount of time and resources you expend on hazardous waste management is to make that cradle as small as possible.
What is a cradle-to-grave tracking system?
The basic tenet of this regulation is a “cradle-to-grave” tracking system, meaning that hazardous waste generators (users of hazardous materials who generate hazardous waste) must track waste from the moment it enters the site as a hazardous material to the eventual treatment or disposal of that material.
How is hazardous waste regulated under RCRA?
Hazardous waste is regulated under Subtitle C of RCRA. EPA has developed a comprehensive program to ensure that hazardous waste is managed safely from the moment it is generated to its final disposal (cradle-to-grave).