What is the Gestapo in Germany?
The Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), abbreviated Gestapo ( German: [ɡəˈʃtaːpo]; / ɡəˈstɑːpoʊ / ), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and in German-occupied Europe . The force was created by Hermann Göring in 1933 by combining the various security police agencies of Prussia into one organisation.
What is the abbreviation for Gestapo in Indonesia?
It is not to be confused with Gestapu in Indonesia. The Geheime Staatspolizei (transl. Secret State Police), abbreviated Gestapo (German: [ɡəˈʃtaːpo]; / ɡəˈstɑːpoʊ /), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and in German-occupied Europe.
Who was the head of the Gestapo in WW2?
On 27 September 1939, the security and police agencies of Nazi Germany—with the exception of the Order Police—were consolidated into the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA), headed by Heydrich. The Gestapo became Amt IV (Department IV) of RSHA and Müller became the Gestapo Chief, with Heydrich as his immediate superior.
Did the Gestapo really carry out selective terror?
“Selective terror” by the Gestapo, as mentioned by Johnson, is also supported by historian Richard Evans who states that, “Violence and intimidation rarely touched the lives of most ordinary Germans. Denunciation was the exception, not the rule, as far as the behaviour of the vast majority of Germans was concerned.”
What methods did the Gestapo use to torture?
Gestapo officers regularly used intimidation, and psychological and physical torture. It was common for Gestapo officers to beat detainees in custody. Despite the Gestapo’s brutal interrogation methods, they did not often personally kill those whom they arrested. However, some people did die during interrogations or in Gestapo custody.
How was the Gestapo different from other police forces?
It was a police force unlike others in that it did not answer to any judicial or legal oversight. Without fear of civilian repercussions, the Gestapo used ruthless methods to identify and arrest political opponents and others who refused to conform to the policies of the Nazi regime.