What is the main cause of slum development?
Slums form and grow in different parts of the world for many different reasons. Causes include rapid rural-to-urban migration, economic stagnation and depression, high unemployment, poverty, informal economy, forced or manipulated ghettoization, poor planning, politics, natural disasters, and social conflicts.
What are the main problems of slums?
Some of the problems faced by the slums dwellers have been discussed below:
- Lack of Basic Necessities.
- Overcrowding and High Density.
- Substandard Housing or Illegal and Inadequate Building Structures.
- Unhealthy Living Conditions and Hazardous Locations.
- Insecure Tenure, Irregular or Informal Settlements.
How do slums affect the economy?
Slum-dwellers make up a large number of the service sector in urban areas. A lot of natural produce and local production of goods and services are provided in the slums, and these in turn affect the economy. An example of this is increasing medical and education facilities in slums and improving infrastructure.
How does urbanization lead to slums?
Rapid urbanization has led to uncontrolled and unplanned settlement patterns, resulting in the proliferation of squatter and informal settlements, and, when extreme, the explosion of large-scale urban areas designated as “slums.” According to the UN-HABITAT’s Slum Almanac 2015/2016 report, one in eight people live in …
Who is responsible for slums?
Lack of affordable low cost housing and poor planning by government encourages the supply side of slums. Insufficient financial resources and lack of coordination in government bureaucracy are two main causes of poor housing planning.
Why are slums bad?
Prone to natural and man-made hazards: As in slums, houses are crammed in a little space, they are often prone to dangerous hazards like floods, water logging, fire etc. Extent of hazard is increased because of high population density. Poor living conditions: Slums are not planned hence they lack basic amenities.
What are the disadvantages of living in a slum?
E.g risky neighborhood, lack of amenities and sanitation; inability to get residence certificate and lack of access to institutional credit etc.
Why are slums bad for the environment?
Waste collection is poor, so pollution levels are high. This means that slums have a negative effect on natural ecosystems. Their presence can cause environmental degradation and deplete natural resources such as timber.
Why is it difficult to live in slums?
High population density, lack of proper toilets and close proximity of homes allow diseases to spread quickly. This creates a real risk for large populations who are often unable to access adequate health facilities to get treatment in time.