What is the purpose of juvenile justice Act?
Act Objective: An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to juveniles in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection, by providing for proper care, protection and treatment by catering to their development needs, and by adopting a child-frien ly approach in the adjudication and disposition of …
What are the main objects to enforce the juvenile justice Act 2015 explain?
The main features of the new Act are as follows: The Act permits juveniles between the age group of 16-18 years to be tried as adults for heinous offences. Any 16-18 years old, who commits a lesser, i.e., the serious offence may be tried as an adult only if he is apprehended after the age of 21 years.
How does the juvenile justice Act protect juveniles?
It replaced the Indian juvenile delinquency law, Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000, and allows for juveniles in conflict with Law in the age group of 16–18, involved in Heinous Offences, to be tried as adults. …
What is the purpose of juvenile justice system in the Philippines?
9344 or the “Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act” defines the Juvenile Justice and Welfare System as a system dealing with children at risk and children in conflict with the law, which provides child-appropriate proceedings, including programmes and services for prevention, diversion, reha- bilitation, re-integration and …
What is the concept of juvenile justice?
(m) “Juvenile Justice and Welfare System” refers to a system dealing with children at risk and children in conflict with the law, which provides child-appropriate proceedings, including programs and services for prevention, diversion, rehabilitation, re-integration and aftercare to ensure their normal growth and …
Why do we need to protect the child?
An efficient protection is essential to the children’s well-being because, as vulnerable people, they are more exposed to problems of mistreatment, exploitation, discrimination and violence.
What is care and protection?
It is founded on Manurewa Marae acknowledging that children and young people have a right to be treated with dignity and respect; be free from physical, emotional and sexual harm and have their needs met in a safe environment.
What are two categories of children who are protected under the Juvenile Justice?
A child who is found to have committed an offence by the Juvenile Justice Board will be placed in a Special Home. A Place of Safety will be setup for children above the age of 18 years or children of the age group of 16 – 18 years who are accused or convicted for committing a heinous offence.
What are the salient features of Juvenile Justice Act?
Juvenile Justice Board (JJB) is the competent authority to deal with children in conflict with law which comprises of three members. The Chairperson of the Board should be a First Class Judicial Magistrate and two honorary social workers out of whom atleast one should be a woman.
How are juvenile offenders are protected?
Juvenile Justice and Constitution of India Right to be protected from any hazardous employment under the age of 14 years – Article 24 of the Indian Constitution. Right to be provided with proper Standard of living and Good Nutrition – Article 47 of the Indian Constitution.
What is the importance of child in conflict with the law?
According to Articles 37 and 40 of the convention on the rights of the child (1989), children in conflict with the law have the right to treatment that promotes their sense of dignity and worth, takes into account their age and aims at their reintegration into society.
What is a juvenile in law?
A “juvenile” is a person who has not attained his eighteenth birthday, and “juvenile delinquency” is the violation of a law of the United States committed by a person prior to his eighteenth birthday which would have been a crime if committed by an adult.
When did the Juvenile Justice Act 2015 come into force?
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 has come into force from January 15, 2016 and repeals the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000.
What is juvenile justice (care and protection of children) Bill 2014?
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill, 2014 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 12 August, 2014 by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. This Bill aimed at making a more robust, effective and responsive legislative framework for children in need of care and protection as well as children in conflict with law.
What does the JJ Act 2015 deal with?
The JJ Act 2015 also deals with both categories of children. The Act known as ‘The Reformatory Act’ deals with two categories of children, namely children in need of care and protection and children in conflict with the law.
What is the Juvenile Justice Act 2000?
And the prime issue among these was the involvement of the juvenile perpetrator, who was only six months short of becoming adult. This attracts the law of Juvenile Justice (care and protection) Act, 2000 and the culprit was sentenced by the court only for three-year confinement.