What was the most important finding of the Rosenthal and Jacobson study?
When Rosenthal and Jacobson tested the students eight months later, they discovered that the randomly selected students who teachers thought would bloom scored significantly higher.
What is the Rosenthal effect and how might it impact academic performance of students?
Rosenthal believed that even attitude or mood could positively affect the students when the teacher was made aware of the “bloomers”. The teacher may pay closer attention to and even treat the child differently in times of difficulty.
What is the meaning of Pygmalion effect?
The Pygmalion effect describes situations where someone’s high expectations improves our behavior and therefore our performance in a given area. It suggests that we do better when more is expected of us.
What are the four factors Rosenthal identified as contributing to student success?
Rosenthal’s Four-Factor theory, described in the often-recommended training video, PRODUCTIVITY AND THE SELF-FULFILLING PROPHECY: THE PYGMALION EFFECT (CRM Films, 1987), identifies climate, feedback, input, and output as the factors teachers use to convey expectations.
How do teachers expectations affect student performance?
These expectations can cause teachers to differentiate their behavior towards individual students, such that teachers set lower expectations for some students, provide briefer (or no) feedback on student errors—and less positive feedback after correct answers—and grant students less time to answer questions.
How do you reduce the Rosenthal effect?
Methodological precautions can guard against the Rosenthal effect. For example: Design the experiment properly. Have clear rules and procedures in place.
How do you stop the Rosenthal effect?
Can you use the Pygmalion effect on yourself?
But the Pygmalion Effect also applies to your personal growth. Your beliefs about yourself impact your actions towards others, which influence their beliefs about you and their actions towards you.
What are the effective teachers?
Effective teachers demonstrate a deep understanding of the curriculum. They plan, teach, and assess to promote mastery for all students. Effective teachers provide high-quality instruction to increase student achievement for all students by providing researched-based instruction filled with technology integration.
Do teachers expect less from minority students?
A John Hopkins University study last year found that white teachers—who comprise 82 percent of the profession—are less likely to expect academic success with black students, especially black boys.