Where does the rash occur in meningitis?
The rash can be more difficult to see on dark skin, but may be visible in paler areas, especially the soles of the feet, palms of the hands, abdomen, or on the inside of the eyelid or roof of the mouth.
Which meningitis causes a rash?
The meningitis rash The most serious type of meningitis is caused by a bacterium called Meningococcus. The rash that doctors associate with meningococcal meningitis results from bleeding beneath the skin. This type of bleeding occurs after the disease progresses and causes blood poisoning.
What characteristics of Neisseria meningitidis cause a rash?
The rash, a distinguishing feature, may initially appear as small lesions that may appear urticarial, macular, or papular. The rash can develop into petechiae, purpura, or ecchymosis later on. These may be early signs of thrombocytopenia, purpura fulminans, and DIC.
How does meningitis cause DIC?
Meningococcemia, like many other gram-negative blood infections, can cause disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), which is the inappropriate clotting of blood within the vessels. DIC can cause ischemic tissue damage when upstream thrombi obstruct blood flow and haemorrhage because clotting factors are exhausted.
Is meningitis rash itchy?
Unlike many common rashes, the meningitis rash isn’t itchy. As children’s skin is typically more sensitive than adults’, a lack of scratching can be a bad sign. Since such a rash is quite prominent and can look pretty nasty, it will often seem quite unusual that a child isn’t scratching it.
How do I know if I have meningitis rash?
The meningitis glass test
- Press the side of a clear glass firmly against the skin.
- Spots/rash may fade at first.
- Keep checking.
- Fever with spots/rash that do not fade under pressure is a medical emergency.
- Do not wait for a rash. If someone is ill and getting worse, get medical help immediately.
Is the meningitis rash itchy?
What is a meningococcal rash?
A meningococcal rash is caused by bleeding under the skin. It can start as pink/reddish pinprick-sized lesions, progressing to larger purple bruise-like markings as the rash spreads and haemorrhages. The rash is often harder to notice in darker-skinned people, especially during the early stages.
What are the signs and symptoms of meningococcal meningitis?
Signs and symptoms of meningococcal disease usually start suddenly and include fever, headache, and a stiff neck. It can start with symptoms similar to influenza (flu). Often people with meningococcal disease also have nausea, vomiting, increased sensitivity to light, rash, and confusion.
How do I know if my rash is meningitis?
The meningitis glass test Press the side of a clear glass firmly against the skin. Spots/rash may fade at first. Keep checking. Fever with spots/rash that do not fade under pressure is a medical emergency.
What is a subdural collection (SDC)?
The term “subdural collection” (SDC) is understood as a nonspecific umbrella term comprising various, in part, successively stagelike findings within the subdural space. The radiologic investigation of SDCs has the potential to contribute to important issues such as type, number, and circumstances of the traumatic force or the age of injury.
What is a fluid collection in the subdural space?
Besides subarachnoid hemorrhages, fluid collections within the subdural space represent such extra-axial indicators of AHT. The term “subdural collection” (SDC) is understood as a nonspecific umbrella term comprising various, in part, successively stagelike findings within the subdural space.
What is the role of neuroradiologic analysis in the workup of subdural collection?
The neuroradiologic analysis and assessment of subdural collections may decisively contribute to answering differential diagnostic and forensic questions. In addition to more reference data, a harmonization of terminology and methodology is urgently needed, especially with respect to age-diagnostic aspects.
What is the difference between hypodense and mixed-density subdural collections?
Two problematic constellations frequently occurring during initial CT investigations are evaluated: A mixed-density subdural collection does not prove repeated trauma, and hypodense subdural collections are not synonymous with chronicity.