Which country has the highest level of incidence of esophageal cancer?

Which country has the highest level of incidence of esophageal cancer?

The highest incidence of esophageal cancer in the world was observed in China, Northeastern of Iran, southeast of United States, and South of Africa (1,11). Asian belt of the cancer begins from East of Turkey and Northeastern of Iran, and continues to the East Asian countries, including North and center of China.

What is the incidence rate for esophageal cancer?

The lifetime risk of esophageal cancer in the United States is about 1 in 125 in men and about 1 in 417 in women. (See Esophageal Cancer Risk Factors to learn about factors that can affect these chances.)

Where are most esophageal cancers?

Esophageal cancer most often occurs in the cells that line the inside of the esophagus. Esophageal cancer is cancer that occurs in the esophagus — a long, hollow tube that runs from your throat to your stomach.

Why is the incidence of oesophageal adenocarcinoma on the increase?

The first is the rising incidence of central obesity which promotes gastroesophageal reflux. The second is the falling incidence of H. pylori infection and associated atrophic gastritis which reduces the acidity and peptic activity of gastric juice, the main factors damaging to the esophageal mucosa.

Can esophageal tumors be benign?

Sometimes a tumor develops in your esophagus that is not cancerous (benign). The most common type—representing about 70 percent of benign tumors—is leiomyoma, which forms in the muscle. Doctors do not know what causes benign esophageal tumors. When these tumors are small, you may not have any symptoms.

What are the two most common types of esophageal carcinoma?

The 2 main types are squamous cell cancer and adenocarcinoma. The lowest end of the oesophagus joins the stomach.

Which of the following are symptoms of adenocarcinoma?

Signs and Symptoms of Small Intestine Cancer (Adenocarcinoma)

  • Pain in the belly (abdomen)
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Weight loss (without trying)
  • Weakness and feeling tired (fatigue)
  • Dark-colored stools (from bleeding into the intestine)
  • Low red blood cell counts (anemia)
  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)

What is the global incidence of oesophageal cancer?

Oesophageal cancer is the seventh most commonly occurring cancer in men and the 13th most commonly occurring cancer in women. There were over 500,000 new cases in 2018. The top 20 countries with the highest rates of oesophageal cancer in 2018 are given in the tables below.

Is oesophageal cancer more common in males or females?

Incidence rates are significantly lower in females than males in a number of (mainly older) age groups. The gap is widest at age 30 to 34, when the age-specific incidence rate is 4 times lower in females than males. For oesophageal cancer, like most cancer types, incidence increases with age.

What is the incidence of esophageal cancer in China?

China has about half of all esophageal-cancer cases around the world, among which most cases are ESCC. In 2015, esophageal cancer was the sixth most common cancer in China, with ∼246,000 new cases (ASR 11.3 per 100,000), and it was estimated to have reached 13.8 per 100,000 in 2020 [4, 12].

What is the prevalence of oesophageal cancer in Northern Ireland?

Oesophageal cancer patients with a known stage are most commonly diagnosed at stage IV in Northern Ireland (42%). More patients with a known stage are diagnosed at a late stage (70-80% are diagnosed at stage III or IV), than an early stage (21-30% are diagnosed at stage I or II).

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