Which material will be used in the Pidgeon process?

Which material will be used in the Pidgeon process?

The Pidgeon process uses dolomite as the main raw material, ferrosilicon as a reducing agent, and fluorite as a catalyst.

What happens when dolomite is calcined?

Calcination of dolomite involves heating the raw material at sufficient temperature in order to release the carbon dioxide from its carbonate minerals. This process is commonly conducted in a rotary kiln.

Is magnesium extracted by reduction?

The table displays some metals in decreasing order of reactivity and the methods used to extract them….Reactivity and extraction method.

Metal Method
Magnesium Electrolysis
Aluminium Electrolysis
(Carbon) (Non-metal)
Zinc Reduction by carbon or carbon monoxide

What is ferrosilicon used for?

Ferrosilicon is used as a source of silicon to reduce metals from their oxides and to deoxidize steel and other ferrous alloys. This prevents the loss of carbon from the molten steel (so called blocking the heat); ferromanganese, spiegeleisen, calcium silicides, and many other materials are used for the same purpose.

What is calcined lime?

1. calcined lime – a white crystalline oxide used in the production of calcium hydroxide. burnt lime, calcium oxide, calx, fluxing lime, quicklime, unslaked lime, lime.

What country has the most magnesium?


Country (or area) Magnesium production (thousand tonnes)
World 1,020 (est)
China 800
Russia * 65
United States 50 (est)

How do you make pure magnesium?

When dolomite is crushed, roasted and mixed with seawater in large tanks, magnesium hydroxide settles to the bottom. Heating, mixing in coke, and reacting with chlorine, then produces molten magnesium chloride. This can be electrolyzed, releasing magnesium, which floats to the surface.

How is magnesium extracted from dolomite?

Magnesium is widely used in varieties industrial sector. Dolomite is one source of magnesium besides seawater. The extraction of magnesium from dolomite ores can be done by leaching process. In this work, the dolomite leaching to extract magnesium by hydrochloric acid was investigated.

How is ferrosilicon manufactured?

Ferrosilicon is produced either in a blast furnace or electric arc furnace by the reduction of quartz sand (SiO2) with coke in the presence of iron. The melt is poured out of the furnace and solidifies in the form of a flat sheet.

How is ferrosilicon made?

Ferrosilicon is produced by reduction of silica or sand with coke in the presence of iron. Typical sources of iron are scrap iron or millscale. In contact with water, ferrosilicon may slowly produce hydrogen. The reaction, which is accelerated in the presence of base, is used for hydrogen production.

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