Who won the Nobel Prize in 2014 for describing grid cells?
Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine 2014 May-Britt and Edvard Moser discovered – in the medial entorhinal cortex, a region of the brain next to hippocampus – grid cells that provide the brain with an internal coordinate system essential for navigation.
What was the 2014 Nobel Prize in Medicine awarded for?
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014 was divided, one half awarded to John O’Keefe, the other half jointly to May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser “for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain.”
Who has been awarded the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology and medicine?
Understanding how the cognitive functions of the brain arise from its basic physiological components has been an enticing final frontier in science for thousands of years. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014 was awarded one half to John O’Keefe, the other half jointly to May-Britt Moser and Edvard I.
What did May-Britt Moser discover?
Moser discovered a type of cell that is important for determining position close to the hippocampus, an area located in the center of the brain. They found that when a rat passed certain points arranged in a hexagonal grid in space, nerve cells that form a kind of coordinate system for navigation were activated.
Who was the first woman to receive the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences?
In 2009, Ostrom became the first woman to receive the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences.
Why did May Britt Moser win a Nobel Prize?
She and her then-husband, Edvard Moser, shared half of the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, awarded for work concerning the grid cells in the entorhinal cortex, as well as several additional space-representing cell types in the same circuit that make up the positioning system in the brain.