# Does boundary layer separation cause turbulence?

## Does boundary layer separation cause turbulence?

This is often beneficial. Boundary layer separation and boundary layer transition to turbulence are entirely separate phenomena. They can both be caused by an adverse pressure gradient, however, and this leads some students to confuse the two.

### Why does a boundary layer become turbulent?

Boundary layer flow over a wing surface begins as a smooth laminar flow. As the flow continues back from the leading edge, the laminar boundary layer increases in thickness. At some distance back from the leading edge, the smooth laminar flow breaks down and transitions to a turbulent flow.

What is the transition of boundary layer?

A boundary layer can transition to turbulence through a number of paths. Which path is realized physically depends on the initial conditions such as initial disturbance amplitude and surface roughness.

What condition promotes transition from a laminar to a turbulent boundary layer?

The one thing known is that small instabilities in the flow grow and cause the transition from laminar to turbulent flow. A number of mechanisms can lead to this transition process. The main pathway depends on the initial conditions such as initial disturbance amplitude and surface roughness.

## What is boundary layer turbulence?

A boundary layer may be laminar or turbulent. A laminar boundary layer is one where the flow takes place in layers, i.e., each layer slides past the adjacent layers. A turbulent boundary layer on the other hand is marked by mixing across several layers of it.

### What is the turbulent boundary layer?

7.2 Turbulent boundary layer basics. The turbulent boundary layer is considered to consist of several regions characterized by their water velocity profile. These regions include the viscous sublayer, the log-law region, and the outer region (Fig. 7.2).

Why turbulent boundary layer grows faster than laminar boundary layer?

. This means that because of the greater velocity gradient at the wall the frictional shear stress in a turbulent boundary is greater than in a purely laminar boundary layer.

Why does boundary layer separation reduce lift?

In summary, we can say that the boundary layer acts as an intermediate layer, that reduces the curvature of the airfoil, and thereby reduces the amount of lift created. By reducing the thickness of the boundary layer, this effect is minimized, and more lift is created.

## How is the boundary layer induced to become turbulent?

On the side of the front stagnation point where the boundary layer passes over the seam, the boundary layer is induced to become turbulent before reaching the point of laminar separation.

### What is boundary-layer transition?

When boundary-layer transition is caused by external perturbations, like free-stream turbulence or incident wakes, it is said to bypass the orderly route. These disturbances have low frequencies and large wavelengths compared to the turbulence that they cause to occur within the boundary layer.

What is the difference between grid turbulence and bypass turbulence?

A local amplification of turbulence is caused by the mean flow strain field. Bypass transition is induced by external disturbances penetrating into the boundary layer near the blade surfaces. Grid turbulence induces a significantly different transition pattern on the suction side of the blade than migrating wakes in the passage.

What is the difference between local amplification and bypass transition turbulence?

A local amplification of turbulence is caused by the mean flow strain field. Bypass transition is induced by external disturbances penetrating into the boundary layer near the blade surfaces.

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