Is pyelonephritis unilateral or bilateral?

Is pyelonephritis unilateral or bilateral?

Purpose: Acute pyelonephritis (APN) generally involves a single kidney, but it can be bilateral. The aim of the present study was to evaluate differences in clinical presentation, progress and outcome for bilateral APN compared with unilateral APN.

What is the root word of pyelonephritis?

Terminology. The term is from Greek πύελο|ς pýelo|s, “basin” + νεφρ|ός nepʰrós, “kidney” + suffix -itis suggesting “inflammation”. A similar term is “pyelitis”, which means inflammation of the renal pelvis and calyces. In other words, pyelitis together with nephritis is collectively known as pyelonephritis.

What is suppurative pyelonephritis?

Multiple abscesses varying in size from 3 to 20 mm in diameter are present, some confined to the cortex and others involving both cortex and medulla. The abscesses contain friable pale necrotic material. The pelvic mucosa is markedly congested and haemorrhagic. This is an example of acute suppurative pyelonephritis.

What is bilateral pyelonephritis?

Acute pyelonephritis is a sudden and severe kidney infection. It causes the kidneys to swell and may permanently damage them. Pyelonephritis can be life-threatening. When repeated or persistent attacks occur, the condition is called chronic pyelonephritis.

What happens pyelonephritis?

What antibiotics treat pyelonephritis?

Outpatient oral antibiotic therapy with a fluoroquinolone is successful in most patients with mild uncomplicated pyelonephritis. Other effective alternatives include extended-spectrum penicillins, amoxicillin-clavulanate potassium, cephalosporins, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.

What is Pilo kidney infection?

Pyelonephritis is a type of urinary tract infection where one or both kidneys become infected. They can be infected by bacteria or a virus. It can cause people to feel very sick and it requires treatment. This article will tell you more about kidney infection and what to do about it.

How common is bilateral pyelonephritis?

The incidence of acute pyelonephritis is highest among woman aged 15-35 years. Annual rates of outpatient and inpatient pyelonephritis in the female population were 12-13 cases per 10,000 population and 3-4 cases per 10,000 population, respectively.

What is acute pyelonephritis?

Acute pyelonephritis is a bacterial infection causing inflammation of the kidneys and is one of the most common diseases of the kidney. Pyelonephritis occurs as a complication of an ascending urinary tract infection (UTI) which spreads from the bladder to the kidneys and their collecting systems.

What is the difference between emphysematous pyelonephritis and perinephric abscess?

Intrarenal and perinephric abscesses, which usually are complications of acute pyelonephritis, are more common than emphysematous pyelonephritis, which is a necrotizing infection that produces intraparenchymal gas within the kidney that is identifiable by renal imaging. 13 This disorder occurs most often in older women with diabetes.

What type of bacteria causes pyelonephritis?

Etiology The main cause of acute pyelonephritis is gram-negative bacteria, the most common being Escherichia coli. Other gram-negative bacteria which cause acute pyelonephritis include Proteus, Klebsiella, and Enterobacter.

Which lab findings are characteristic of acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection)?

Most women with acute pyelonephritis have marked pyuria or a positive leukocyte esterase test, which often is accompanied by microscopic hematuria or a positive heme dipstick test. In contrast, gross hematuria is rare in patients with acute pyelonephritis and is more common in patients with acute uncomplicated cystitis.

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