What are some differential diagnosis for pneumonia?
Differential Diagnosis of Pneumonia
|Asthma||Past medical history, no infiltrates seen on chest X-ray.|
|Bronchiolitis obliterans||Should be suspected in patients with pneumonia who do not respond to antibiotics treatment.|
|Congestive heart failure||Bilateral pulmonary edema, shortness of breath.|
What is the cause of recurrent pneumonia?
Recurrent pneumonia most commonly occurs in patients with underlying lung disease such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or bronchiectasis, immunocompromised patients, and those with a local obstructive process such as a tumor.
What are the signs and symptoms of lobar pneumonia?
The signs and symptoms of pneumonia may include:
- Cough, which may produce greenish, yellow or even bloody mucus.
- Fever, sweating and shaking chills.
- Shortness of breath.
- Rapid, shallow breathing.
- Sharp or stabbing chest pain that gets worse when you breathe deeply or cough.
- Loss of appetite, low energy, and fatigue.
What is the differential diagnosis of atypical pneumonia?
Over the past decades, atypical pneumonia has come to mean lower respiratory tract infections due to specific respiratory pathogens, i.e., Chlamydia psittaci (psittacosis), Francisella tularensis (tularemia), Coxiella burnetii (Q fever), Chlamydia pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae or Legionella species [1, 2, 3, 4, 5].
What happens if you get pneumonia twice?
Can you catch pneumonia more than once? Yes. Pneumonia is caused by many different microbes, and so getting it once does not protect you from getting it again. If you get pneumonia more than once you may need to have more investigations to understand why this has happened.
How is recurrent pneumonia treated?
Treatment of Pneumonia Recurrent Pneumonia in Children Medication, both prescription and over the counter, is typically the most effective treatment. Antibiotics: Antibiotics are medications that treat infections and are used to treat bacterial pneumonia.
What are the diagnostic lesions of lobar pneumonia?
Lobar Pneumonia Congestion: This stage is characterized by grossly heavy and boggy appearing lung tissue, diffuse congestion, vascular engorgement, and the accumulation of alveolar fluid rich in infective organisms. There are few red blood cells (RBC) and neutrophils at this stage.
How is lobar pneumonia diagnosed?
- Blood tests. Blood tests are used to confirm an infection and to try to identify the type of organism causing the infection.
- Chest X-ray. This helps your doctor diagnose pneumonia and determine the extent and location of the infection.
- Pulse oximetry.
- Sputum test.
What are the differences between atypical and typical pneumonia?
With atypical pneumonia, the infection is caused by different bacteria than the more common ones that cause pneumonia. Atypical pneumonia also tends to have milder symptoms than typical pneumonia. The major features of the lungs include the bronchi, the bronchioles and the alveoli.
What is differential diagnosis of pneumonia?
Differential Diagnosis Differential diagnosis of pneumonia includes asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pulmonary edema, malignancies, non-infective consolidative processes of the lung, pleuritis, pulmonary embolism, aspiration of a foreign body, bronchiectasis, bronchiolitis, and others just to name a few.
What are the diagnostic criteria for lobar pneumonia?
With counts less than 10,000 the diagnosis of lobar pneumonia should be subjected to further diagnostic scrutiny. If the diagnosis is substantiated, the low count indicates deficient defensive powers, mild infection or complication, while counts of over 40,000 indicate strong combative powers in the presence of intense infection.
What are the different types of pneumonia diagnosis?
Differential diagnosis of pneumonia includes asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pulmonary edema, malignancies, non-infective consolidative processes of the lung, pleuritis, pulmonary embolism, aspiration of a foreign body, bronchiectasis, bronchiolitis, and others just to name a few.
How does pulmonary infarction most closely resemble lobar pneumonia?
Pulmonary Infarction.-Pulmonary infarction closely resembles lobar pneumonia because of similarity of onset, symptoms and physical findings.