What are the advantages and disadvantages of first generation computer?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of first generation computer?


  • The computers were very larger in size.
  • They consumed a large amount of energy.
  • They heated very soon due to thousands of vacuum tubes.
  • They were not very reliable.
  • Air conditioning is required.
  • Constant maintenance was required.
  • Not-portable.
  • Costly commercial production.

What is the full meaning of computer?

Common Operating Machine

Why is it important to learn about the history of science and technology?

Studying the history of science allows you to have a glimpse into both the history of the world and into just how we discovered everything we know about the world. Those moments of discovery may seem anti-climactic to us now, but imagine not having discovered them at all. Imagine living without that knowledge.

What are the features of first generation computer?

Characteristics of First Generation of Computers

  • Use of vacuum tubes to make circuits.
  • Use of magnetic drums.
  • Use of machine language and symbols in instructions.
  • Very small amount of storage space.
  • Use of punch cards as I/O devices.
  • Huge in size and poor in mobility.
  • Very slow and less reliable output.
  • Use of high electricity.

What are the main features of second generation computer?


  • Transistors – small, low-power, low-cost, more reliable than vacuum tubes.
  • Magnetic core memory.
  • Two’s complement, floating point arithmetic.
  • Reduced the computational time from milliseconds to microseconds.
  • High level languages.

What are the first five generation of computer?

Computer – Generations

S.No Generation & Description
1 First Generation The period of first generation: 1946-1959. Vacuum tube based.
2 Second Generation The period of second generation: 1959-1965. Transistor based.
3 Third Generation The period of third generation: 1965-1971. Integrated Circuit based.

What is the history and generation of computer?

Generations of Computers 1st Generation: This was from the period of 1940 to 1955. This was when machine language was developed for the use of computers. They used vacuum tubes for the circuitry. 3rd Generation: The hallmark of this period (1964-1971) was the development of the integrated circuit.

What are the advantages of first generation computer?

Advantage of first generation of computers

  • They were the first machine to implement vacuum tubes with electronic circuits.
  • They introduced the first form of low-level machine language (ones and zeros) which made the further development of the computer possible.

How did computers affect the history?

Many years ago, in their most rudimentary form, computers were very large and slow. Gradually, computers have become smaller and faster, enabling people to use them virtually anywhere. New computer technology has enabled more advanced business tasks as well.

How did the first computer impact society?

One of the ways that computers have made an impact on society is in how people have organized themselves in workplace groups in relationship to computers. The earliest computers were developed to perform specific tasks in science, engineering, or warfare that had previously been done by hand.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of fifth generation computers?

Fifth Generation of Computer

  • Advantages of Fifth Generatin of Computer: » These computers are much faster than other generation computers. » It is easier to repair these computers.
  • Disadvantages of Fifth Generatin of Computer: » They tend to be sophisticated and complex tools.
  • Example of Third Generation of Computer: Desktop.

Whats Does generation mean?

1a : a body of living beings constituting a single step in the line of descent from an ancestor. b : a group of individuals born and living contemporaneously the younger generation.

Why is it important to learn history?

Studying history allows us to observe and understand how people and societies behaved. For example, we are able to evaluate war, even when a nation is at peace, by looking back at previous events. History provides us with the data that is used to create laws, or theories about various aspects of society.

What are the features of each generation of computer?

  • 1940 – 1956: First Generation – Vacuum Tubes. These early computers used vacuum tubes as circuitry and magnetic drums for memory.
  • 1956 – 1963: Second Generation – Transistors.
  • 1964 – 1971: Third Generation – Integrated Circuits.
  • 1972 – 2010: Fourth Generation – Microprocessors.

What is computing and its importance?

Computer is an electronic device used in almost every field even where it is most unexpected. That is why this age is called as the era of IT. And now we cannot imagine a world without computers. Computer has become very important nowadays because it is very much accurate, fast and can accomplish many tasks easily.

What are the devices in 1st generation?

First Generation Computers Therefore, they were very expensive and only large organizations were able to afford it. In this generation, mainly batch processing operating system was used. Punch cards, paper tape, and magnetic tape was used as input and output devices.

How did the computer changed the world?

Computers have changed the world in many ways. They allow huge amounts of information to be stored in a small space. They also allow a person to calculate mathematical problems with ease. Finally, computers allow people to communicate with one another through internet sites such as Facebook, My Space, and Twitter.

What are the unique features of different generation of computer?

IIIrd Generation: (1963-1972)

  • Transistors were replaced by I.C. in circuits. ( I.C.- Integrated circuits)
  • Small size as compared to IInd Generation computer.
  • Less amount of heat as compared to IInd Generation computer.
  • Less electricity consumption.
  • Faster and more accurate than IInd Generation computer.
  • Ex.: IBM 360/370.

What is 7th generation of computer?

Using improved memory technologies and energy-efficient chipsets, they work faster and use less energy than any previous Intel CPUs. The 7th generation Core i3, Core i5 and Core i7 desktop processors consume as little as 35W of power – with even the top-end CPU consuming a mere 95W.

What generation is transistor?

History of Computers: 2nd Generation. By 1948, the invention of the transistor drastically changed the computer’s development. The transistor replaced the cumbersome vacuum tube in televisions, radios and computers. As a result, the size of electronic machinery has been shrinking ever since.

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