What diseases does Morbillivirus cause?

What diseases does Morbillivirus cause?

…as various avian paramyxoviruses; and Morbillivirus, which contains the agents that cause measles in humans, distemper in dogs and cats, and rinderpest in cattle.

Which viruses belong to Paramyxoviridae?

The family Paramyxoviridae consists of three genera: Paramyxovirus, which includes the parainfluenza viruses and mumps virus; Pneumovirus, which includes respiratory syncytial virus; and Morbillivirus, which includes the measles virus.

What is Morbillivirus infection?

Morbilliviruses are a group of viruses that belong to the family Paramyxoviridae. The most instantly recognizable member is measles virus (MV) and individuals acutely infected with the virus exhibit a wide range of clinical symptoms ranging from a characteristic mild self-limiting infection to death.

Is influenza A paramyxovirus?

Paramyxoviruses and orthomyxoviruses were originally grouped together as the myxo viruses because of the morphological similarity of the virions and the fact that the prototype viruses, Newcastle disease virus, and influenza virus each carry a hemagglutinin and a neuraminidase.

What type of virus is Morbillivirus?

Morbillivirus is a genus of viruses in the order Mononegavirales, in the family Paramyxoviridae.

Is Morbillivirus a pathogen?

Measles virus (MeV) is the prototype human pathogenic morbillivirus, and the genus includes several important animal pathogens such as Rinderpest virus (RPV), the second virus worldwide to be eradicated by targeted vaccination (Amarasinghe et al., 2017; de Vries et al., 2015; Njeumi et al., 2012), Peste des petits …

Is a respiratory system infection caused by morbillivirus and is also known as rubella disease?

Measles (Rubeola) Measles is caused by Morbillivirus of the Paramyxoviridae family. It is an acute febrile illness with a typical rash that is currently preventable by vaccination.

Is Morbillivirus RNA or DNA?

The genus Morbillivirus belongs to the virus family Paramyxoviridae, a group of enveloped viruses with non-segmented, negative strand RNA genomes.

What type of virus is morbillivirus?

Is there a vaccine for morbillivirus?

For MeV, licensed vaccines are safe and can be administered to immunocompromised individuals safely with the two doses of vaccine, administered around 9–15 months and then 4–5 years of age, being able to induce protection for at least several decades if not for a life time [50].

What kind of virus is morbillivirus?

The genus Morbillivirusbelongs to the virus family Paramyxoviridae, a group of enveloped viruses with non-segmented, negative strand RNA genomes.

What is the Paramyxoviridae virus?

Viruses in the family Paramyxoviridae have been associated with new diseases in a variety of species, including humans, throughout the world. Morbilliviruses related to canine distemper virus have caused disease outbreaks in seals, dolphins, porpoises, and lions ( 1 – 6 ).

What are the characteristics of morbilliviruses?

Diseases in humans associated with viruses classified in this genus include measles: fever, and rash; in animals, they include acute febrile respiratory tract infection. Morbillivirions are enveloped, with spherical geometries. Their diameter is around 150 nm. Genomes are linear, around 15-16 kb in length. The genome codes for eight proteins.

Are all paramyxoviruses labile?

All paramyxoviruses are labile to very labile and quickly inactivated, e.g. by heat, organic solvents, detergents, ultraviolet, or visible light, and low pH value. Multiplication The multiplication of all paramyxoviruses is similar to that of orthomyxoviruses except that the paramyxovirus genome is monopartite.

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