## What does a loxodrome do?

loxodrome, also called Rhumb Line, or Spherical Helix, curve cutting the meridians of a sphere at a constant nonright angle. Thus, it may be seen as the path of a ship sailing always oblique to the meridian and directed always to the same point of the compass.

## What projection is used for navigation?

Mercator projection

This projection is widely used for navigation charts, because any straight line on a Mercator projection map is a line of constant true bearing that enables a navigator to plot a straight-line course.

**What is meant by Mercator’s projection?**

Definition of Mercator projection : a conformal map projection of which the meridians are usually drawn parallel to each other and the parallels of latitude are straight lines whose distance from each other increases with their distance from the equator.

**What is Rhumb Line in aviation?**

a curve on the surface of a sphere that cuts all meridians at the same angle. It is the path taken by a vessel or aircraft that maintains a constant compass direction. Also called loxodrome, rhumb.

### In which projection the Loxodrome is shown as straight?

Mercator projection map

A rhumb line appears as a straight line on a Mercator projection map. The name is derived from Old French or Spanish respectively: “rumb” or “rumbo”, a line on the chart which intersects all meridians at the same angle. On a plane surface this would be the shortest distance between two points.

### What are projections used?

Projections are also used to create flat maps from which measurements can be made. Many people are familiar with the idea of taking a ruler to a paper map and measuring the distance between two points, perhaps by comparing the measured distance of a pencil line to a scale printed at the edge of the map.

**Why is map projection needed?**

The need for a map projection mainly arises to have a detailed study of a region, which is not possible to do from a globe. from a globe is nearly impossible because the globe is not a developable surface. In map projection we try to represent a good model of any part of the earth in its true shape and dimension.

**What is the importance of Mercator’s projection?**

The Mercator’s projection is the most common projection used in maritime navigation. This enables great simplification of maritime navigation (planning sea roads), because it was possible to use only a compass and the Mercator’s map.

## What is the difference between Mercator and Gnomonic projections?

Mercator projection maps are used in navigation due to their ability to label any point on the globe. The gnomonic projection projects points from a globe onto a piece of paper that touches the globe at a single point. These projections are used to map small areas. They are often used for road and weather maps.

## What projection uses a great circle as the edge?

azimuthal projection

The Gnomonic projection (Figure 9-2) is another member of the azimuthal projection family (maps projected to a plane surface that is tangent to the globe at a single point), and it has the distinction of being the only map projection on which any straight line represents a great-circle arc.

**What is great circle and rhumb line?**

A rhumb line can be contrasted with a great circle, which is the path of shortest distance between two points on the surface of a sphere. In other words, a great circle is locally “straight” with zero geodesic curvature, whereas a rhumb line has non-zero geodesic curvature.