What is an example of obedience to authority?
Most people can anticipate their superiors’ desires and may act to please them even without being explicitly asked. For example, when Toshiba needed to inflate its earnings, implicit pressure from top officers was sufficient to induce division managers to misreport their earnings.
What causes obedience to authority?
Obedience occurs when you are told to do something (authority), whereas conformity happens through social pressure (the norms of the majority). Obedience involves a hierarchy of power / status. Therefore, the person giving the order has a higher status than the person receiving the order.
How do you show obedience to authority?
Act like you respect them. To be obedient to someone you need to act like you respect them as an authority figure. When they tell you to do something, you do it, as long as it is reasonable, moral and harmless. Be polite and considerate. Say “please” and “thank you”.
What did Milgram’s studies reveal about obedience to authority?
Thomas Blass, Milgram biographer and a professor of psychology at the University of Maryland Baltimore County, says that Milgram’s obedience experiments provided a powerful affirmation of one of the main guiding principles of contemporary social psychology: “It is not the kind of person we are that determines how we …
How does authority affect obedience?
Obedience is a form of social influence that involves performing an action under the orders of an authority figure. Instead, obedience involves altering your behavior because a figure of authority has told you to.
How do you show obedience to authorities?
Act like you respect them. Respect and obedience have a tendency to go hand in hand. To be obedient to someone you need to act like you respect them as an authority figure. When they tell you to do something, you do it, as long as it is reasonable, moral and harmless. Be polite and considerate.
Why is obedience to authority important?
In everyday situations, people obey orders because they want to get rewards, because they want to avoid the negative consequences of disobeying, and because they believe an authority is legitimate. People justify their behavior by assigning responsibility to the authority rather than themselves.
Does obedience involve authority?
How does agency theory support the theory of authority?
The person being ordered about is able to believe that the authority will accept responsibility for what happens. Agency theory says that people will obey an authority when they believe that the authority will take responsibility for the consequences of their actions. This is supported by some aspects of Milgram’s evidence.
How do you compare agency theory with another explanation of obedience?
comparisons between agency theory and another explanation of obedience, e.g. Authoritarian Personality Theory where you explain how/why agency theory is either a better or worse theory. your essay must include evidence of well-developed chains of reason, competing arguments and a conclusion
What is an objection to agency theory?
An objection to Agency Theory is the idea of moral strain, which is supposed to go away when people enter an Agentic State. (AO1) Milgram observed distress in the participants who obeyed (like crying and shaking), not the ones who disobeyed, which goes against the theory.
What is the Milgram theory of agency?
Milgram’s famous 1961 study into obedience was the basis for Agency Theory. Milgram observed the participants arrive in an autonomous state, go through the Agentic Shift, experience moral strain and become agents for the authority figure, carrying out acts that went against their conscience.