What is an example of protein synthesis?

What is an example of protein synthesis?

When protein synthesis is taking place, enzymes link tRNA molecules to amino acids in a highly specific manner. For example, tRNA molecule X will link only to amino acid X; tRNA molecule Y will link only to amino acid Y. Messenger RNA is synthesized in the nucleus using the DNA molecules.

What are the three types of RNAS?

Of the many types of RNA, the three most well-known and most commonly studied are messenger RNA (mRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA), and ribosomal RNA (rRNA), which are present in all organisms.

Which organelle is important for protein synthesis?


What is service blueprinting quizlet?

A service blueprint is a diagram that visualises the relationships between different service components – people, props, and processes – that are directly tied to touchpoints in a specific customer journey.

What is the purpose of protein synthesis?

Although the outcome of protein synthesis can be involved and quite complex, its purpose is rather straightforward. The purpose of protein synthesis is simply to create a polypeptide — a protein made out of a chain of amino acids. In a hair follicle cell, a protein called keratin is made.

What is the result of protein synthesis?

The result of protein synthesis is a chain of amino acids that have been attached, link by link, in a specific order. This chain is called a polymer or polypeptide and is constructed according to a DNA-based code. Polypeptide chains are formed during the translation process of protein synthesis.

What are the main steps of protein synthesis?

It includes three steps: initiation, elongation, and termination. After the mRNA is processed, it carries the instructions to a ribosome in the cytoplasm.

What is the site of protein synthesis?

Ribosomes are the sites in a cell in which protein synthesis takes place. Within the ribosome, the rRNA molecules direct the catalytic steps of protein synthesis — the stitching together of amino acids to make a protein molecule. In fact, rRNA is sometimes called a ribozyme or catalytic RNA to reflect this function.

What does blueprinting mean?

A blueprint is a guide for making something — it’s a design or pattern that can be followed. Draw up a blueprint and follow the design carefully. The literal meaning of a blueprint is a paper — which is blue — with plans for a building printed on it. You can also call other guides or plans blueprints.

Which is known as blueprint of heredity?

Genes are the units of heredity and are the instructions that make up the body’s blueprint. They code for the proteins that determine virtually all of a person’s characteristics. Most genes come in pairs and are made of strands of genetic material called deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA.

What enzyme performs translation?

Peptidyl transferase

What is the correct order of protein synthesis *?

The correct sequence of events in protein synthesis is transcription, then translation.

What is Blueprint in biology?

DNA is called the blueprint of life because it contains the instructions needed for an organism to grow, develop, survive and reproduce. DNA does this by controlling protein synthesis. Proteins do most of the work in cells, and are the basic unit of structure and function in the cells of organisms.

What are the first and second steps of protein synthesis?

Each codon codes for one amino acid or for a *Protein synthesis is the process in which proteins are made. In the first step, called transcription, the genetic code in DNA is copied by RNA. In the second step, called translation, the genetic code in RNA is read to make a protein.

What is the correct order of translation?

Translation happens in four stages: activation (make ready), initiation (start), elongation (make longer) and termination (stop). These terms describe the growth of the amino acid chain (polypeptide). Amino acids are brought to ribosomes and assembled into proteins.

What are the four steps of protein synthesis?

Translation involves four steps:

  • Initiation. The small subunit of the ribosome binds at the 5′ end of the mRNA molecule and moves in a 3′ direction until it meets a start codon (AUG).
  • Elongation.
  • Termination.
  • Post-translation processing of the protein.

What are the two steps of protein synthesis?

Protein synthesis can be divided broadly into two phases – transcription and translation. During transcription, a section of DNA encoding a protein, known as a gene, is converted into a template molecule called messenger RNA (mRNA).

What is the final product of protein synthesis?

The final product of protein synthesis is proteins. Protein synthesis starts with transcription, which occurs in the nucleus.

How is mRNA like a blueprint?

Explain how mRNA works like a blueprint in constructing proteins. The master plan is the DNA molecule. The cell uses the molecule to prepare mRNA “blueprints.” The mRNA carries the instructions for protein synthesis from the nucleus to the ribosomes in the cytoplasm, where the proteins are built.

What is service blueprinting in operations management?

Definition: A service blueprint is a diagram that visualizes the relationships between different service components — people, props (physical or digital evidence), and processes — that are directly tied to touchpoints in a specific customer journey. Think of service blueprints as a part two to customer journey maps.

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