What is democracy?
Democracy, which derives from the Greek word demos, or people, is defined, basi- cally, as government in which the supreme power is vested in the people. In some forms, democracy can be exercised directly by the people; in large societies, it is by the people through their elected agents.
What is radradical democracy?
Radical democracy is based on the idea that there are hierarchical and oppressive power relations that exist in society. Democracy’s role is to make visible and challenge those relations by allowing for difference, dissent and antagonisms in decision-making processes.
What is the difference between democracy and direct democracy?
Democracy (Greek: δημοκρατία dēmokratía, literally “Rule by ‘People'”) is a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting. In a direct democracy, the citizens as a whole form a governing body and vote directly on each issue. In a representative democracy the citizens elect representatives from among themselves.
What is demdemocracy?
Democracy may be a word familiar to most, but it is a concept still misunderstood and misused at a time when dictators, single-party regimes, and military coup leaders alike assert popular support by claiming the mantle of democracy.
What is arbitral democracy?
It is this that most sharply distinguishes the “arbitral” concept from the popular or revolutionary view of democracy, which so often carries with it the idea of eliminating minorities or categories opposed to what is seen as progress.
What are the basic principles of a democratic society?
7 Democracies rest upon the principle that government exists to serve the people. In other words, the people are citizens of the democratic state, not its subjects. Because the state protects the rights of its citizens, they, in turn, give the state their loyalty.
Is democracy a matter of popular policy or free choice?
Democracy is a matter of the free choice of government, not the pursuit of “popular” policies. In the light of these truths, which recent events have made self-evident, the following question must be asked. Freedom of political choice is a prerequisite of democracy, but is it the only one? Is democracy merely a matter of procedure?
How does democracy cultivate citizens with active and productive characters?
Hence, in democratic societies individuals are encouraged to be more autonomous. Relatedly, by giving citizens a share of control over political-decision-making, democracy cultivates citizens with active and productive characters rather than passive characters.
How can demdemocracy be applied to society?
Democracy, as a principle, can go beyond the government and can be applied to any sphere of life. People use the word democracy not to describe any existing government but to set up an ideal standard that all democracies must aim to become. However, if the ideals of democracy are considered then no country in the world is correctly democratic.
What is the meaning of Athenian democracy?
The term appeared in the 5th century BC to denote the political systems then existing in Greek city-states, notably Athens, to mean “rule of the people”, in contrast to aristocracy ( ἀριστοκρατία, aristokratía ), meaning “rule of an elite”.
How has the notion of democracy evolved over time?
The notion of democracy has evolved over time considerably. The original form of democracy was a direct democracy. The most common form of democracy today is a representative democracy, where the people elect government officials to govern on their behalf such as in a parliamentary or presidential democracy.
Democracy is a system of processing conflicts in which outcomes depend on what participants do, but no single force controls what occurs and its outcomes.
What is democracy according to Popper?
Although democracy is generally understood to be defined by voting, no consensus exists on a precise definition of democracy. Karl Popper says that the “classical” view of democracy is simply, “in brief, the theory that democracy is the rule of the people, and that the people have a right to rule.”
What is the difference between freedom and Democracy?
Or, in the memorable phrase of President Abraham Lincoln, democracy is government of the people, by the people, and for the people. Freedom and democracy are often used interchange- ably, but the two are not synonymous.
What is Demokratia?
The Greek demokratia dates all the way back to the 5th century b.c., when it was used to describe the government in some city-states, notably Athens. There are two kinds of democracy: direct and representative.
What is a guided democracy Quizlet?
Guided democracy. Guided democracy is a form of democracy which incorporates regular popular elections, but which often carefully “guides” the choices offered to the electorate in a manner which may reduce the ability of the electorate to truly determine the type of government exercised over them.
What is democratic constitutionalism?
Democratic constitutionalism is ultimately the foun- dation by which a society, through the clash and com- promise of ideas, institutions, and individuals, reaches, however imperfectly, for truth. Democracy is pragmatic.
What is a democratic system of government Quizlet?
Democracy is a system of government where the citizens of a state exercise power to rule the state, either directly or through electing representatives. What does democracy mean?
What is the essence of the democratic system?
The essence of the democratic system is an empty place, void of real people, which can only be temporarily filled and never be appropriated. The seat of power is there but remains open to constant change.
What is democracy according to Diamond?
In a lecture titled “What is Democracy”? Larry Diamond (2004) gave an overview of what in his opinion is democracy. He describes democracy as a system of government with four key elements: A system for choosing and replacing the government through free and fair elections;
What is presidential democracy and how does it work?
Presidential Democracy is a system where the public elects the president through free and fair elections. The president serves as both the head of state and head of government controlling most of the executive powers.
What is guided democracy?
Guided democracy is a form of democracy that incorporates regular popular elections, but which often carefully “guides” the choices offered to the electorate in a manner that may reduce the ability of the electorate to truly determine the type of government exercised over them.
What are the basic principles of democracy?
Democracies rest upon the principle that government exists to serve the people. In other words, the people are citizens of the democratic state, not its subjects. Because the state protects the rights of its citizens, they, in turn, give the state their loyalty.
What is the medical definition of premedicate?
Medical Definition of premedicate. : to administer premedication to : treat by premedication.
What is the origin of the word Venimeux?
From venin + -eux, Old French venimeux, venimus. Possibly corresponds to Late Latin venēnōsus, from Latin venenum. Compare vénéneux, a borrowing from that Latin word. “ venimeux ” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé ( The Digitized Treasury of the French Language ). venim + -us.
What is a Western democracy?
Western democracies 3 : an organization or situation in which everyone is treated equally and has equal rights The company is not a democracy; decisions are made by a board of directors, not the workers. There is democracy within the company.
What is the meaning of democratic citizenship?
In virtually all democratic governments throughout ancient and modern history, democratic citizenship consisted of an elite class until full enfranchisement was won for all adult citizens in most modern democracies through the suffrage movements of the 19th and 20th centuries.
What is the only form of democracy acceptable to anarchists?
To many anarchists, the only form of democracy considered acceptable is direct democracy. Pierre-Joseph Proudhon argued that the only acceptable form of direct democracy is one in which it is recognised that majority decisions are not binding on the minority, even when unanimous.
Is a government chosen by a small group a democracy?
A government chosen by a small, exclusive group is not a democracy – no matter how democratic its internal workings may appear.
What is a democratic society?
A society free to arbitrate between these two conflicting demands that of the free market and that of individual and collective humanity, that of money and that of identity may be termed democratic.
What is democraticism in politics?
Democratic political figures are not supreme rulers but rather temporary guardians of an empty place. Any claim to substance such as the collective good, the public interest or the will of the nation is subject to the competitive struggle and times of for gaining the authority of office and government.
What is the origin of democracy?
However, the main idea of democracy is widely accepted to have originated from Athens in the 5thcentury BC. The Webster New Encyclopaedic Dictionary (1995) defines democracy as a government in which supreme power is invested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through representation.
What is representative democracy Quizlet?
Representative democracy, which characterizes the U.S. system, occurs when people elect representatives to ensure their interests in government. When we think of democracy today, we usually think of a representative one in which all or most people are able to participate.
How do you introduce the word democracy to students?
Begin by asking students to brainstorm words or phrases they associate with the word democracy. What comes to mind when they hear the word democracy? Students can record their ideas in their notebooks. Next, pass out the reading What Is Democracy? .
Democracy Defined To fix ideas, the term “democracy,” as I will use it in this article, refers very generally to a method of group decision making characterized by a kind of equality among the participants at an essential stage of the collective decision making. Four aspects of this definition should be noted.
What is Habermas’s Discourse Theory of democracy?
Jürgen Habermas’s discourse theory of deliberative democracy has been highly influential in the development of this approach. Habermas analyses the form and function of modern legal systems through the lens of his theory of communicative action. This analysis yields the Democratic Principle:
What are the factors common to all democracies?
One simple factor common to all democracies is: the government is chosen by the people. We could thus start with a simple definition: democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by the people. This is a useful starting point.
What is cosmopolitan democracy?
Cosmopolitan democracy, also known as Global democracy or World Federalism, is a political system in which democracy is implemented on a global scale, either directly or through representatives.
What is a representative democracy Quizlet?
Representative democracy involves the election of government officials by the people being represented. If the head of state is also democratically elected then it is called a democratic republic. The most common mechanisms involve election of the candidate with a majority or a plurality of the votes.
What is a citizen of a democracy?
A citizen of a democracy may be a member of a number of private or volunteer organizations – including interest groups that try, in some fashion, to influence public policy and persuade public officials of their views.
What was the original form of democracy?
The original form of democracy was a direct democracy. The most common form of democracy today is a representative democracy, where the people elect government officials to govern on their behalf such as in a parliamentary or presidential democracy.
What rules have evolved in constitutional democracies to implement due process?
In order to implement due process, the following rules have evolved in constitutional democracies: No one s home can be searched by the police without a court order showing that there is good cause for such a search. The midnight knock of the secret police has no place in a democracy.