What is vinyl acetate used in?
Vinyl acetate is used to make other industrial chemicals. These chemicals are used mainly to make glues for the packaging and building industries. They are also used to make paints, textiles, and paper. Vinyl acetate is also used as a coating in plastic films for food packaging and as a modifier of food starch.
What is vinyl acetate monomer used for?
Vinyl acetate monomer (VAM) is a significant intermediate used in the production of a wide range of resins and polymers for paints & coatings, adhesives, glues & sealants, elastomers, textile finishes, paper coatings, binders, films, and a myriad of other industrial and consumer applications.
What is vinyl acetate made of?
Poly(vinyl acetate) was discovered in Germany in 1912 by Fritz Klatte. The monomer, vinyl acetate, was first produced on an industrial scale by the addition of acetic acid to acetylene with a mercury(I) salt, but it is now primarily made by palladium-catalyzed oxidative addition of acetic acid to ethylene.
What does vinyl acetate smell like?
Vinyl Acetate is a colorless liquid with a sharp, sweet odor. It is used in making polyvinyl resins. * Vinyl Acetate is on the Hazardous Substance List because it is cited by ACGIH, DOT, NIOSH, DEP, HHAG, NFPA and EPA.
What is another name for vinyl acetate?
|Systematic IUPAC name Ethenyl ethanoate
|Other names Acetic acid vinyl ester Vinyl ethanoate Acetoxyethene VyAc VAM Vinyl acetate monomer Acetic acid ethenyl ester 1-Acetoxyethylene
Where does vinyl acetate come from?
Vinyl acetate is prepared from ethylene by reacting it with oxygen and acetic acid over a palladium catalyst. The basic chemical reaction is shown below, along with the chemical structure of vinyl acetate monomer. Vinyl acetate, a colorless liquid with a pungent odor, is rarely used in its pure form.
Is vinyl acetate a VOC?
VOCs are compounds that have high vapor pressure and low water solubility, and many are man-made chemicals used and produced in the manufacture of paints, pharmaceuticals, and refrigerants. The VOCs of polyethylene vinyl acetate plastic are toxic to living organisms or animals.
Is vinyl acetate toxic?
Vinyl acetate caused tumors in the noses of rats that breathed 600 ppm for 2 years. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has determined that vinyl acetate is possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B).
Is vinyl acetate an ether?
What is Vinyl Acetate Monomer? Vinyl Acetate Monomer (also known as acetic acid ethenyl ester, acetic acid ethylene ether, acetoxyethene, 1-acetoxyethylene, ethenyl ethanoate, ethenyl acetate, and acetic acid vinyl ester) is a colourless mobile liquid with a pungent odour.
What does acetate do to the body?
In general, acetate may modulate body weight control through different mechanisms that can affect central appetite regulation, gut-satiety hormones, and improvements in lipid metabolism and energy expenditure.
What is acetate plastic?
Acetate is a plastic-like material formed from nylon, making it more durable, flexible, and stronger than conventional plastic. It is also more resistant to pressure and can bend further before breaking.
Is acetate same as PVC?
Most consumers will know PVC by the commonly used name “vinyl”. PVC is short for polyvinyl chloride, and is most notably used to line shower curtains and other items made of plastic. Polyethylene vinyl acetate (PEVA) is a non-chlorinated vinyl and has become the common substitute in several products on the market.
Is vinyl acetate a health hazard?
(EPA, 1998) Health Hazard Vinyl acetate has been related to reproductive abnormalities. It is a skin and upper respiratory tract irritantand a central nervous system depressant. Exposure caused gradual deterioration of heart muscles. (EPA, 1998) Reactivity Profile
What is the chemical reaction for the polymerization of vinyl acetate?
VINYL ACETATE may undergo spontaneous exothermic polymerization on exposure to light. Reacts with air or water to produces peroxides that initiate explosively violent polymerization. Reacts with hydrogen peroxide to form explosive peracetic acid.
What are the symptoms of vinyl acetate monomer exposure?
First Aid Signs and Symptoms of Acute Vinyl Acetate Monomer Exposure: Vinyl acetate monomer may irritate the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; blisters may form. Inhalation of vapors may result in dizziness or suffocation.
How do you make a vinyl acetate explosive?
VINYL ACETATE may undergo spontaneous exothermic polymerization on exposure to light. Reacts with air or water to produces peroxides that initiate explosively violent polymerization. Reacts with hydrogen peroxide to form explosive peracetic acid. Reacts with oxygen to form explosive peroxides.