What was the function of a Chacmool?
The purpose of the Chac Mools was generally as a place for sacrificial offerings for the gods. These offering could consist of anything from foodstuffs like tamales or tortillas to colorful feathers, tobacco or flowers.
What is a Chacmool figure?
A chacmool (also spelled chac-mool) is a form of pre-Columbian Mesoamerican sculpture depicting a reclining figure with its head facing 90 degrees from the front, supporting itself on its elbows and supporting a bowl or a disk upon its stomach. Chacmools were often associated with sacrificial stones or thrones.
Who created Chac Mool?
the Le Plongeon
Who was the Le Plongeon referred to on pg 5? Le Plongeon is the man who made the first discovery of a ‘Chac Mool’. He was the person to first give a statue of the native population of Latin America this name and created the trend to name all further statues and deities the same name.
How many Chac Mool statues are there?
Chac Mool A.D. 800–1250 Sculptures of this type, featuring a reclining male figure holding a bowl on his torso, were given the invented name Chac Mool by nineteenth-century explorers during an archaeological expedition to Chichen Itza.
Did the Aztecs have a sun god?
Huitzilopochtli, also spelled Uitzilopochtli, also called Xiuhpilli (“Turquoise Prince”) and Totec (“Our Lord”), Aztec sun and war god, one of the two principal deities of Aztec religion, often represented in art as either a hummingbird or an eagle.
What does Chac the Mayan god mean?
Chac, Mayan god of rain, especially important in the Yucatán region of Mexico where he was depicted in Classic times with protruding fangs, large round eyes, and a proboscis-like nose. In post-Classic Mayan and Toltec ruins, reclining figures known as the Chacs Mool are thought to represent the rain god.
What is the origin of Chac?
Chac, Mayan god of rain, especially important in the Yucatán region of Mexico where he was depicted in Classic times with protruding fangs, large round eyes, and a proboscis-like nose.
What is the theme of Chac Mool?
“Power is one of the themes in Fuentes’ short story, “Chac-mool”. The symbolic use of water supports this theme as does the evolution of both characters, the Chac-mool and Filiberto.” While some think this statement is invalid, it is the complete opposite.
What happened at the end of Chac Mool?
Chac Mool advanced towards the bed” (5). At the end of the story, the statue appears to have finished his transformation completely, when the narrator runs into him at Filbert’s house. “A yellow Indian appeared, in a house robe, with a scarf.
Where was the first Chac Mool discovered?
It was discovered for the first time in Mesoamerica, in southeastern México: Chichén Itzá, Yucatán, in 1874, and then later 14 more similar sculptures were found, from various places including Tula, where the Toltecs settled; and also in Tlaxcala, Michoacán, Cempoala and México-Tenochtitlán, all located in Central …
What is a chacmool?
A chacmool (also spelled chac-mool) is a form of pre-Columbian Mesoamerican sculpture depicting a reclining figure with its head facing 90 degrees from the front, supporting itself on its elbows and supporting a bowl or a disk upon its stomach.
What does a chacmool symbolize in Aztec culture?
Chacmools were often associated with sacrificial stones or thrones. Aztec chacmools bore water imagery and were associated with Tlaloc, the rain god. Their symbolism placed them on the frontier between the physical and supernatural realms, as intermediaries with the gods.
Where are chacmools found in Mexico?
Twelve chacmools have been discovered at Chichén Itzá, eight are known from Tula, Hidalgo, and many others have been found at Tenochtitlán and sites in Veracruz, Tlaxcala, Michoacán, Querétaro, and Central America. They date from the Terminal Classic to Early Postclassic periods (c. 800–1521).
How many chacmool are there in the world?
Fourteen chacmools are known from Chichen Itza and twelve from Tula. The chacmool from the palace at Tula is dated to the Early Postclassic (c. AD 900–1200). Further examples are known from Acolman, Cempoala, Michoacan, Querétaro and Tlaxcala.