How does acromegaly cause bitemporal hemianopia?

How does acromegaly cause bitemporal hemianopia?

The most common manifestation is a bitemporal hemianopsia caused by pressure on the optic chiasm. Tumor damage to the pituitary stalk may cause hyperprolactinemia due to loss of inhibitory regulation of prolactin secretion by the hypothalamus.

Why does pituitary tumors cause bitemporal hemianopia?

A pituitary tumor frequently causes bitemporal hemianopia by compressing the optic chiasm initially. Visual field defects are thought to be due to the direct compression or the effect on the blood supply of the optic chiasm.

What causes a bitemporal hemianopia?

A bitemporal hemianopia is almost always caused by damage to the optic chiasm and can occur from the direct or indirect effects of a variety of lesions, including tumors,1 aneurysms,2 and, less frequently, inflammatory and ischemic diseases.

What is meant by bitemporal hemianopia?

Bitemporal hemianopsia (or bitemporal hemianopia) describes the ocular defect that leads to impaired peripheral vision in the outer temporal halves of the visual field of each eye.

How is Bitemporal hemianopia diagnosed?

The diagnosis study of choice for bitemporal hemianopia is visual field testing. Visual field testing by Standard Automated Perimetry(SAP) with favorable sensitivity and early detection is preferred over Goldmann perimetry and is most common method used.

What causes acromegaly?

Acromegaly occurs when the pituitary gland produces too much growth hormone (GH) over a long period of time. The pituitary gland is a small gland at the base of your brain, behind the bridge of your nose. It produces GH and a number of other hormones.

Is Bitemporal hemianopia tunnel vision?

Bitemporal hemianopsia (“tunnel vision”) is a type partial blindness affecting the lateral halves of vision in both eyes (see attached diagram), and is usually associated with lesions or compression of the optic chiasm.

What is Bitemporal visual field defect?

Bitemporal hemianopsia (or Bitemporal hemianopia) is the medical description of a type of partial blindness where vision is missing in the outer half of both the right and left visual field.

How do you treat Bitemporal hemianopia?


  1. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment for bitemporal hemianopia.
  2. Pituitary adenoma: Transsphenoidal pituitary surgery is the first line surgery for pituitary adenomas. Visual improvement occurs in 87% of those with preoperative visual loss. It has a mortality rate of 0.5%.

What does acromegaly mean in medical terms?

Listen to pronunciation. (A-kroh-MEH-guh-lee) A condition in which the pituitary gland makes too much growth hormone after normal growth of the skeleton is finished. This causes the bones of the hands, feet, head, and face to grow larger than normal.

What is acromegaly physiology?

Acromegaly is a disorder that occurs when your body makes too much growth hormone (GH). Produced mainly in the pituitary gland, GH controls the physical growth of the body. In adults, too much of this hormone causes bones, cartilage, body organs, and other tissues to increase in size.

What is bitemporal hemianopia?

Bitemporal hemianopsia (or Bitemporal hemianopia) is the medical description of a type of partial blindness where vision is missing in the outer half of both the right and left visual field.

What is the pathophysiology of Bitemporal hemianopsia of pituitary tumors?

Bitemporal hemianopsia is classically associated with suprasellar extension of the pituitary tumor, causing compression of the anterior aspect of the optic chiasm. Other visual field deficits can also occur. Changes in ophthalmologic assessment can be used to monitor the response to therapy. Benjamin J. Osborne,

How is bitemporal hemianopsia diagnosed?

Bitemporal Hemianopsia Diagnosis. Any kind of lesion or defect on pituitary gland is observed with the neuroimaging. MRI’s and high resolution CT scans are also helpful in diagnosing the cause of bitemporal hemianopsia. MRI test is more accurate as compare to CT scan. Some laboratory tests are also performed to check the performance…

What is the pathophysiology of haemianopia?

Hemianopia is the result of a lesion of the optic chiasm. This is the area where the optic nerves on the right side of the brain cross to the left and vice versa. The nasal retina transmits visual information of the temporal visual field and the temporal retina transmits information of the nasal field.

Begin typing your search term above and press enter to search. Press ESC to cancel.

Back To Top