What is the structure of the chloroplast?

What is the structure of the chloroplast?

Structure of Chloroplasts Chloroplasts are oval-shaped and have two membranes: an outer membrane and an inner membrane. Between the outer and inner membrane is the intermembrane space approximately 10-20 nm wide. The space within the inner membrane is the stroma, the dense fluid within the chloroplast.

What are the 5 main structures of a chloroplast?

The parts of a chloroplast such as the inner membrane, outer membrane, intermembrane space, thylakoid membrane, stroma and lamella can be clearly marked out.

What is the structure and function of chloroplasts?

Chloroplasts are a type of membrane-bound plastids that contain a network of membranes embedded into a liquid matrix and harbor the photosynthetic pigment called chlorophyll. It is this pigment that imparts a green color to plant parts and serves to capture light energy.

What are chloroplasts a level?

Chloroplasts are the organelles in plant cells where photosynthesis. Each chloroplast is surrounded by a double-membrane envelope.

What is the structure of chloroplast Class 11?

The chloroplast is a structure which is surrounded by two unit membranes of 9-10 mm of thickness. They are separated from one another by a space called periplast ideal space. Internally there are two distinct regions of a chloroplast known as the grana and stroma.

What are 4 structures associated with photosynthesis?

In multicellular autotrophs, the main cellular structures that allow photosynthesis to take place include chloroplasts, thylakoids, and chlorophyll.

What are the features of chloroplast?

Characteristics of chloroplasts Chloroplasts are distinguished from other types of plastids by their green colour, which results from the presence of two pigments, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b. A function of those pigments is to absorb light energy for the process of photosynthesis.

What are photosynthetic pigments A level biology?

Photosynthetic pigments are pigments presented in chloroplasts or photosynthetic bacteria. They capture light energy necessary for photosynthesis and convert it to chemical energy.

How is a chromoplast related to a chloroplast?

Chromoplasts are very’ similar to chloroplasts, but they do not contain the green pigment chlorophyll. Instead, they contain other pigments which give colour to flowers and to leaves during the fall. These other pigments absorb colours of light than chlorophyll.

What is the difference between chloroplast and chromoplast?

Answer: 1) The main difference between chloroplast and chromoplast is that chloroplast is the green coloured pigment in plants, while chromoplast is a colourful pigment whose colour may be yellow or orange or even red.

What is chloroplast in 10th class?

Hint: Chloroplast is the organelles present in plants whose main function is to carry out photosynthesis. The chloroplast has a green pigment called chlorophyll which traps sunlight. Complete Answer: – Chloroplasts are the important organelles present in all the autosomes.

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