Why is HIV an infectious disease?
By damaging the immune system, HIV interferes with the body’s ability to fight the organisms that cause disease. HIV is a sexually transmitted infection and can also be spread by contact with infected blood or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breast-feeding.
Is AIDS HIV a communicable disease?
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains one of the most important communicable diseases in Europe. It is an infection associated with serious disease, persistently high costs of treatment and care, significant number of deaths and shortened life expectancy.
Why is AIDS a syndrome and not a disease?
Hint: AIDS is caused by a virus and results in a number of varied symptoms. When a single organism causes many symptoms, the resultant disorder is termed as a syndrome.
What type of virus is HIV?
HIV belongs to a class of viruses known as retroviruses. Retroviruses use RNA to encode their genetic information rather than DNA, as human cells do.
Is Ebola a communicable disease?
Ebola is contagious. The virus spreads through direct contact (via broken skin or mucous membranes, in the nose, mouth, or eyes).
What is the difference between a syndrome and a disease?
There can be confusion between syndromes, symptoms, and diseases. A disease usually has a defining cause, distinguishing symptoms and treatments. A syndrome, on the other hand, is a group of symptoms that might not always have a definite cause.
Is tuberculosis a communicable disease?
Yes, TB is highly contagious and can be transmitted from an infected person to an uninfected person, mainly when a person with TB coughs, sneezes, speaks, or even sings (known as airborne transmission or airborne disease).
Can a disease be cured?
The term “cure” means that, after medical treatment, the patient no longer has that particular condition anymore. Some diseases can be cured. Others, like hepatitis B, have no cure. The person will always have the condition, but medical treatments can help to manage the disease.
What makes HIV so dangerous?
Living with HIV can result in a weakened immune system. This makes the body more susceptible to a host of illnesses. Over time, HIV attacks the body’s CD4 cells.
What diseases are related to HIV?
Infections common to HIV/AIDS Tuberculosis (TB). Cytomegalovirus. Candidiasis. Cryptococcal meningitis. Toxoplasmosis. Cryptosporidiosis.
What disease does HIV turn into?
Infections common to HIV/AIDS. Cryptococcal meningitis. Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes and fluid surrounding your brain and spinal cord (meninges). Cryptococcal meningitis is a common central nervous system infection associated with HIV, caused by a fungus found in soil.
How do I know if I have HIV?
Rashes on the body